Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 79 of 90)

    • Assertion (A): Descartes believed that persons are essentially nonphysical.
    • Reason (R): According to Descartes the person is composed of two distinct substances, mind and matter, the forever being essential to persons while the later is contingent.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): A singular proposition is particular.
    • Reason (R): The subject term of a singular proposition denotes a particular individual.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): According to Mill intellectual pleasure is superior to pleasure of senses.
    • Reason (R): Intellectual pleasure is preferred by those who are capable of both intellectual and sensuous pleasures and have a sense of dignity.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): Moral judgments are different from factual judgments according to the non-descriptivist.
    • Reason (R): Moral judgments express the speakers approval and disapproval.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): According to emotivism disagreements about ethical matters may not be definitively resolvable.
    • Reason (R): Ethical disagreements primarily involve disagreement in attitudes.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): According to Jainism, only elimination of matter from the soul will lead to liberation.
    • Reason (R): Bondage of the soul is its association with matter.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): The eight-fold path in Buddhism teaches the practice of Yoga.
    • Reason (R): The eight-fold path of Buddhism is amoral way of life.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

  1. Match List-I with List-It d select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Philosophers) List-II (Books)
    1. Locke

    2. Berkeley

    3. Descartes

    4. Aristotle

    1. DEANIMA

    2. A Discourse on Method

    3. A New Theory of Vision

    4. Essay Concerning Human Understanding

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  2. According to which school of Indian metaphysics, the atoms of space, time, ether, mind, earth, water, fire and air are perfect, eternal and inorganic?

    1. Sankhya

    2. Nyaya-Vaisesika

    3. Vedanta

    4. Buddhism

  3. Which one of the following statements is NOT included in Aristotle's concept of substance?

    1. All definitions of things involve a reference to substance

    2. Knowledge of substance is prior to the knowledge of any particular object

    3. Substance is that which remains the same through change

    4. Only God is the true substance

  4. Which one of the following statements adequately sums up Descartes philosophy?

    1. Substance is that which remains the same through

    2. The world is made of two radically different kinds of substance, mind and matter

    3. Matter alone is real and mind is only an illusion

    4. Mind creates matter

  5. Which one of the following is true of Lock's view of substance?

    1. Substance is the sum of qualities

    2. Substance is the. Substratum of qualities

    3. Substance is the sum of ideas

    4. Substance is the logical construction of sense data

  6. Which one of the following arguments is advanced by Locke for the rejection of innate ideas?

    1. If there were innate ideas, then all human beings would be identical

    2. If there were innate ideas then we should find them expressed in infants and untutored savages

    3. If there were innate ideas then there must be a God who generates them

    4. If there were innate ideas than human beings should be eternal

  7. Which one of the following is true of Berkeley?

    1. There is a material substratum underlying qualities

    2. There is no material substratum underlying qualities

    3. There is no material substratum underlying qualities but there is a material world independent of ideas

    4. Primary qualities alone are objectively real and matter is the same as these primary qualities

  8. Who among the following is associated with the view that the idea of material substance is an abstract idea, and that given the existence of God, we can account for all the facts of the world?

    1. Aristotle

    2. Thomas Aquinas

    3. Spinoza

    4. Berkeley