Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 80 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following has NOT been treated as a category in Vaisesila philosophy?

    1. Substance

    2. Attributes

    3. Karma

    4. Artha

  2. Which one of the following theses according to Vaisesika entails that mind (Manas) can perceive things only one at a time?

    1. The order of things being present in succession

    2. Things being different in nature

    3. The mind being atomic in nature

    4. The fact that objects cannot come in contact with the senses all at once

  3. According to Buddhism the doctrine of pudgalanairatmya means

    1. The denial of an eternal substance, spiritual as well as material

    2. The affirmation of only an eternal spiritual substance and denial of the material

    3. The affirmation of the material substance and denial of the spiritual

    4. The affirmation of an ultimate reality beyond both matter and spirit

  4. In Buddhism rejection of substance is primarily based on the doctrine of

    1. Dukhamayata

    2. Anatmata

    3. Anityata

    4. Pratityasamutpada

  5. The idea of a perfect being is necessarily the idea of an existent being, since a being that lacked existence would not be perfect. God as a perfect being, there for must exist. This argument for the existence of God is

    1. Causal argument

    2. Moral argument

    3. Ontological argument

    4. Teleological argument

  6. Which one of the following elements according to Aquinas, is the most fundamental in the explanation of the world?

    1. Pure form

    2. Pure matter

    3. Both from and matter

    4. The creator's will

  7. Creation of the world in time is a sacrament. It cannot be demonstrated by reason. It is an inner instinct which God endows us with. It comes from without as a result of miracles. This view is held by

    1. Thomas Aquinas

    2. St. Augustine

    3. Descartes

    4. Spinoza

  8. Which one of the following statements supports the privation theory of evil in Augustine's philosophy?

    1. Evil has no place in God's creation

    2. Evil is the creation of mortal beings

    3. Evil is mere denial of good

    4. Evil is essential for the elevation of the value of good

  9. According to Spinoza intellectual love of God is

    1. Loving Gad like an intellectual devotee

    2. Realizing rationally that we are modes of God and that by loving ourselves we actually love God

    3. Having rational faith in God and avoiding blind faith

    4. Proving with arguments the modes and attributes of His all-loving character.

  10. According to Descartes, the idea of God is

    1. Adventitious

    2. Fictitious.

    3. Demonstrative

    4. Innate

  11. According to Nyaya-vaisesika consciousness is

    1. The nature of the individual self

    2. A permanent quality of the individual self

    3. An impermanent quality of the individual self

    4. A function of the individual self

  12. Which one of the following describes Samkara's concept of Brahman?

    1. Brahman is conditioned by Maya

    2. Creatorship of the world is the essence of Brahman

    3. Brahman is satyam, jnanam and anantam

    4. As creator of the world and individual souls, Brahman man is not determinate

  13. Which one of the following features according to Ramanuja makes reality qualified?

    1. Heterogeneous distinctions

    2. Homogeneous distinctions

    3. Internal distinctions

    4. Unity in diversity

  14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I (Philosophers) List-II (Theories)
    1. Locke

    2. Vaibhasikas

    3. Berkeley

    4. Samkara

    1. Subjective Idealism

    2. Objective Idealism

    3. Epistemological dualism

    4. Naive Realism

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  15. Regarding universals which of the following views are held by Plato?

    1. Universal is a one beyond the many.

    2. Universal is a one in many.

    3. Universal is a timeless entity.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3