Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 85 of 90)

  1. ‘Every action which, by at itself or by its maxim, enables the freedom of each individual will to co-exist with the freedom of everyone else in accordance with a universal law is right.’ Which one of the following theories accepts this principle?

    1. Deontological

    2. Teleological

    3. Consequentialist

    4. Intuitionistic

  2. Which of the following theories are teleological?

    1. Rule-utilitarianism

    2. Aristotelian ethics

    3. Stevenson's theory of morals

    4. Kant's categorical imperative

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:


    1. 1 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 3 and 4

  3. Deontologists hold that

    1. value is prior to duty

    2. happiness is prior to duty

    3. rights are prior to good

    4. duty is prior to value

  4. In relation to knowledge, on which one of the following grounds the statement of fact differs from the statement of value?

    1. The former is a description of fact and the latter is an evaluation of fact

    2. The former may be perceived by the senses but the latter is grasped by intuition

    3. The former refers to temporal things, the latter to eternal thoughts

    4. The former may be taken as means but latter as an

  5. Which one of the following generalisations can be drawn from Universal Hedonism?

    1. Greatest good of all

    2. Greatest happiness of all

    3. Greatest good of the greatest number

    4. Greatest happiness of the greatest number

  6. According to Beutham, the principle of utility means that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of

    1. the party whose interest is in question

    2. the community

    3. the greatest number

    4. the several members who compose the society

  7. ‘To think of an object as desirable and to think of it as pleasant are one and the same thing’ is the psychological assertion of Hedonism. Which one of the following expresses this view correctly?

    1. Pleasure ought to be desired

    2. Pleasure can be desired

    3. It is reasonable to desire pleasure

    4. Pleasure is invariably desired

  8. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Principles) List-II (Philosophers)
    1. One ought to tell the truth as a matter of principle

    2. Pleasures vary in kind as well as degree

    3. Everybody to count for one, nobody for more than one

    4. What is needed is action guided by intellectual thinking, rather than ineffectual appeals to good intentions

    1. J S Mill

    2. John Dewey

    3. I Kant

    4. Jeremy Bentham

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
  9. ‘One activity is morally better than another if it is preferred by those who are capable of both and who have experienced each of them under circumstances of liberty’ Who, among the following, advocated this principle?

    1. I Kant

    2. John Stuart Mill

    3. Jeremy Bentham

    4. Henzy Sidgwick

  10. According to Kant, moral duty is

    1. the command of God

    2. given by one's intuition

    3. the imperative of pure reason

    4. determined by majority

  11. A philosopher accepts that man is endowed with free will and accuses a person P of having done an action X Now consider the following statements

    1. P could have acted otherwise than doing X

    2. P is responsible for consequences of X.

    3. P has the right to do X.

    4. It is right on the part of P to do X.

    With which of the following positions will this philosopher agree?

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1 and 4

  12. ‘Man is condemned to be free.’ This statement supports

    1. indeterminism

    2. determinism

    3. fatalism

    4. anarchism

  13. Moral judgements are cognitively meaningless according A. J. Ayer, because they are

    1. emotive

    2. not descriptive

    3. not analytic

    4. neither empirical nor analytic

  14. Which one of the following theories offer a descriptivist account of moral judgement?

    1. The emotive theory

    2. The persuasive theory

    3. Utilitarianism

    4. Cognitivism

  15. Thus if I say to someone ‘you acted wrongly in stealing that money’ I am not stating anything more than if I had simply said, ‘you stole the money’ In adding that this action is wrong I am not making any further statement about it. The above passage is intended to show that

    1. ethical statements are simply expressions of feelings

    2. ethical statements are assertions about the existence of certain sensations

    3. ethical statements are subjective

    4. ethical statements are meaningful