Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 86 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following is a correct statement of the emotivistic position?

    1. The presence of an ethical symbol in a proposition adds nothing to its factual content

    2. The presence of an ethical symbol ma proposition gives a definite direction to its factual content

    3. The meaning of an ethical judgment lies in the intention of the person who is making the judgement

    4. Ethical judgements can be true or false

  2. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched in the context of Jainism?

      • Jiva
      • An eternal substance (dravya) of limited, but variable magnitude
      • Kevala-jnana
      • Full and comprehensive knowledge.
      • Ajiva
      • Devoid of consciousness of life
      • Mati jnana
      • The knowledge that leads to liberation
  3. In Jaina ethics, tri-ratna refer to

    1. Samyak darsana, Samyak jnana, Samyak caritra

    2. Samyak jnana, Samayak smrti, Samyak caritra

    3. Samyak caritra, Samyak darsana, Samyak smrti

    4. Samyak smrti, Samyak jnana, Samyak darsana

  4. ‘Nirvana’ in Hinayana Buddhism means

    1. the burning out of a lamp

    2. self-realisation

    3. attaining eternal existence

    4. cessation of all sufferings

  5. Consider the following statements: According to Gandhiji, Non-violence means

    1. the moral alternative to war

    2. the virtue of the strong

    3. the soul-force

    4. non-killing

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    3. 1 and 4 are correct

    4. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  6. Which of the following would Gandhiji not accept?

    1. A good end justifies the means to it

    2. End and means are convertible terms

    3. Satya is the end, ahimsa is the means

    4. End and means are interdependent

    • Assertion (A): Samkara criticse the Nyaya theory of Khyativada.
    • Reason (R): According to Samkara, effect must exist in the cause before its manifestation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Locke made a distinction between primary and secondary qualities.
    • Reason (R): Locke sought to distinguish between appearance and reality.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The combination of AE is not permissible the 1st figure of the categorical syllogism.
    • Reason (R): The minor premise must be affirmative in the 1st figure of the categorical syllogism.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): ‘p- (q-p)’ and ‘~ p- (p-q)’ are known as the paradoxes of material implication.
    • Reason (R): Both of them are tautologies.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Moore, Mill has committed a naturalistic fallacy.
    • Reason (R): Mill has defined a natural property ‘goodness’ in terms of another natural property called ‘pleasure’
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): A categorical imperative is an unconditional directio.
    • Reason (R): A good-will is one which acts for the sake of duty alone.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Hare, Ethical discourse is prescriptive.
    • Reason (R): The primary function of a value judgement is to guide actions.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Buddha, Samyak Drsti is necessary for Nirvana.
    • Reason (R): Knowledge alone can remove suffering.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Gita does not preach renunciation of all actions.
    • Reason (R): Man must act while living in the world.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true