Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 87 of 90)

    • Assertion (A): Sunyata itself is called Nivrana in Madhyamika philosophy.
    • Reason (R): Sunyata is of the nature of cessation of all prapanca.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Gandhiji identifies God with Truth.
    • Reason (R): Truth is universal and all pervasive.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Aristotle

    2. Locke

    3. Descartes

    4. Nyaya-Vaisesika

    1. General/special qualities

    2. Nominal/real essence

    3. Potentiality/actuality

    4. Absolute/relative substances

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  2. Which one of the following statements is closest to Aristotle's view of substance?

    1. Substance is from or universal

    2. Substance is that which exists by itself

    3. Substance is the corcrete individual

    4. Substance is static and eternal

  3. Which one among the following kinds of substances is not admitted by Aristotle?

    1. Sensible and perishable

    2. Sensible and eternal

    3. Non-sensible and eternal

    4. Non-sensible and perishable

  4. Which one of the following types of substances is not admitted by Descartes?

    1. Infinite and uncreated

    2. Perpetually changing

    3. Finite and spiritual

    4. Finite and material

  5. Regarding doctrine of substance which of the following views are held by Descartes?

    1. Substance is an existent thing which requires nothing but itself order to exist.

    2. Strictly speaking, God alone can be said to be a substance.

    3. Substance is that whose existence cannot be doubled.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    Code:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  6. Which one of the following is the correct definition of secondary qualities, according to Locke?

    1. Secondary qualities are nothing in the objects themselves but powers to produce sensations in us by their primary qualities

    2. Secondary qualities are those which are imposed on the external objects by human mind

    3. Secondary qualities are those that vary according to variations in conditions of perception

    4. Secondary qualities are those whose ideas are not exact resemblances of qualities of objects

  7. The rationalist tendency in Locke is found in his notion of

    1. real essences

    2. nominal essences

    3. tabula rasa

    4. abstract ideas

  8. Berkeley's view that we cannot have an idea of the soul is based upon

    1. rejection of innate ideas

    2. rejection of abstract ideas

    3. passivity of ideas

    4. distinction between simple and complex ideas

  9. Which one of the following statements is not implied by Berkeley's view that ‘to be is to be perceived’

    1. Ideas can exist only as long as they are being perceived

    2. Qualities cannot exist independently of the perceiving mind

    3. Objects cannot exist when they are not perceived by any mind

    4. Objects cannot exist when they are not perceived by human beings

  10. Which of the following statements are admitted by the Nyaya school?

    1. Non-eternal substances are always characterised by qualities.

    2. Non-eternal substances are often characterised by qualities.

    3. Eternal substances are always characterisedbyqualities.

    4. Eternal substances are often characterised by qualities.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2 and 4

  11. Which one of the following, according to the Vaisesikas, justifies, the distinction between qualities and actions?

    1. Qualities are characterised by universals, while actins are not characterised by universals

    2. Qualities inhere in substances while actions inhere in qualities

    3. Many qualities may inhere simultaneously in the same substance, but many actions cannot

    4. All qualities are non-eternal, while some actions are eternal

  12. According to Buddhism, one need not admit self (pudgala) for explaining memory, since memory is

    1. a function of the body

    2. a function of the internal sense-organ

    3. a function of the unbroken series of conscious states

    4. not permanent

  13. Which one of the following statements is true?

    1. Later Buddhists accept the existence of substance

    2. Early Buddhists alone accept the existence of substance

    3. All Buddhists reject the notion of substance

    4. Buddhists are silent about the issue of substance