Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 88 of 90)

  1. Match List I (Doctrines) with List II (Philosophers) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Intellectual love of God

    2. Identity of indiscernible

    3. Evil is privation of Good

    4. Analogical predication

    1. St Augustine

    2. Spinoza

    3. Leibnitz

    4. Thomas Aquinas

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  2. According to Aquinas, the view that the world has no beginning in time

    1. is contradicted by revelation

    2. would imply that God is not the creator of the world

    3. would contradict the doctrine of creation from nothing

    4. is a philosophical absurdity

  3. Which one of the following pairs of powers, according to Aquinas, is associated with the soul?

    1. Feeling and emotion

    2. Intellect and will

    3. Desires and appetites

    4. Opinions and beliefs

  4. Which of the following statements are associated with St. Augustine?

    1. The only knowledge worth having is the knowledge of God and self.

    2. Believe in order that you may understand.

    3. Knowledge is power.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    Codes:

    1. l and 3

    2. 2 alone

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 2 and 3

  5. St. Augustine characterises the human soul as

    1. an individual substance

    2. a rational substance suited for ruling the body

    3. an eternal substance identical-with the cosmos

    4. a material substance characterized by consciousness

  6. Which of the following statements can be attributed to Spinoza?

    1. God possesses an infinity of attributes.

    2. All determination is negation.

    3. God is the creator of the world.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  7. Which one of the following statements is true, according to Spinoza?

    1. Substance can exist outside of God

    2. Substance and God are independent reals

    3. There can be no substance outside of God

    4. Substance and God are imaginary

  8. Man may often choose that which is wrong and evil rather than good. This happens, according to Descartes, because

    1. the power that God has given man to distinguish the true from the false is not complete

    2. man can realise the greatness of God only by realising his own imperfections

    3. nothing is perfect, everything an be doubted

    4. God is Omnipotent but not perfectly benevolent

  9. The idea of God, according to Descartes, is

    1. natural and received from tradition

    2. innate and received from God

    3. innate but not received from God

    4. gained from experience

  10. Which one of the following arguments according to Nyaya supports the moral law of Karma?

    1. Causal argument

    2. The authority of scriptures

    3. The anti-theistic arguments

    4. The argument from Adrsta (unseen)

  11. Which one of the following statements is correct to the Nyaya-Vaisesika school?

    1. All padarthas are created by God

    2. All bhavapadarthas are created by God

    3. All savayavabhavapadarthas are created by God

    4. Some savayavabhavapadarthas are created by God

  12. In Advaita Vedanta, the two aspects of Avidya are called

    1. Maya and avarana

    2. Avarana and avyakta

    3. Avyakta and maya

    4. Viksepa and avrama

  13. Which one of the following statements is not correct about Ramanuja's conception of the world?

    1. God creates the manifold world by agracious act of will

    2. The unconscious part of God is the source of the material objects of the World

    3. The world is as real as God Himself

    4. There is no dissolution of the world

  14. Consider the following statements: According to Ramanuja

    1. the souls are ever free, liberated and in bondage.

    2. consciousness is an accidental property of the self.

    3. the relation of the soul and karma is beginningless.

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct

  15. Which one of the following pairs is opposed to ‘Realism’ as a theory of Universals?

    1. Nominalism and conceptualism

    2. Idealism and subjectivism

    3. Pragmatism and empiricism

    4. Absolute idealism and conecptualism