Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 1 of 150)

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  1. In the Marxian Political discourse, ideology signifiers

    1. The universal principles of justice

    2. Any system of ideas, beliefs, values and aspirations that inform a social system

    3. Political ideals of the proletariat

    4. False consciousness

  2. Which one of the following statements about present day liberalism is NOT correct?

    1. It is based on the principle of “possessive individualism”

    2. It accepts the idea of positive liberty

    3. It believes in the principle of welfare state

    4. It advocates the idea of distributive justice

  3. Which one of the following statements is correct? A welfare state envisages

    1. A fully egalitarian society

    2. State ownership of the means of production

    3. Abolition of private property

    4. A system which combines right to personal property with state intervention for social security and providing help to the needy and indigent

  4. The ground for distributive justice include

    1. Merit and desert

    2. Desert and need

    3. Merit and need

    4. Merit, desert and need

  5. Who among the following is the exponent of negative liberty?

    1. T H Green

    2. Isaiah Berlin

    3. Rousseau

    4. Marx

  6. The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community against his will, is to prevent harm to other

    1. J S Mill

    2. T H Green

    3. Thomas Paine

    4. Harold J Laski

  7. Barker's view of justice is the synthesis of

    1. Liberty and equality

    2. Liberty, equality and fraternity

    3. Equality and fraternity

    4. Liberty and fraternity

  8. “Intelligence is dangerous because it undermines reverence: Science is destructive because it takes every faith; reason is bad because it sets prudence against moral institution.” Who among the following subscribed to the above view?

    1. Rousseau

    2. Hobbes

    3. Locke

    4. Montesquieu

  9. According to Locke, the great and chief end therefore of men uniting into commonwealths and putting themselves under government is the preservation of their property. In the above statement, the term property refers to

    1. Material means of subsistence

    2. Life and liberty

    3. Life, liberty and state

    4. Unlimited acquisition of wealth

  10. Consider the following statements:

    1. Political power is the organized power of one class for oppressing another.

    2. The existence of the state is bound up with class conflict in society

    3. The state is not a power imposed on society form without: It is actually a product of society at a particular stage of its development

    4. The state is independent of civil society.

    Which of these statements constitute

    Marxist theory of state?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  11. Match List I (views about property) with List II (Names of political thinkers who held these views) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Ownership of property should be private but its use should be for common good

    2. Property is theft

    3. When a person mixes his labor with things of nature, they become his property

    4. Owner of property should consider himself to be its custodian

    1. Karl Marx

    2. John Locke

    3. Mahatma

    4. Gandhi

    5. Proudhon

    6. Aristotle

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 5
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
      • 5
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Willoughby

    2. Locke

    3. Rousseau

    4. James I

    1. Two Treatises of Civil Government

    2. Law of Free Monarchies

    3. The nature of State

    4. The Contract Social

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  13. The most important function of the welfare state is the creation of conditions which ensure

    1. Fair elections

    2. Liberty

    3. Social justice

    4. Freedom of expression

  14. Rights properly so called are creatures of law. This view is held by

    1. T H Green

    2. Laski

    3. Duguit

    4. Bentham

  15. Consider the following feature:

    1. Presence of a nominal or titular head of state

    2. Collective responsibility of cabinet

    3. Accountability of executive to the legislature

    4. Separation of Powers

    Which of these are the features of a parliamentary form of Government?

    1. 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3