Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 105 of 150)

  1. Communalism in Indian context means

    1. Serving the community in a befitting manner

    2. Using communal identity for political gains

    3. A group of people bound by ethnic feelings

    4. Creating friendly relations with the other communities

    Answer: b

  2. The best form of federalism suited for countries like India is

    1. Centralised federalism

    2. Bargaining federalism

    3. Cooperative federalism

    4. Conflicting federalism

    Answer: c

  3. In which year did India become a party to the International convention on Biological Diversity?

    1. 1992

    2. 1993

    3. 1994

    4. 1995

    Answer: a

  4. As per the 2001 Census, the minimum standards of literacy are

    1. a person aged 12 years and above who can read and understand any language

    2. a person aged 18 years and above, who can read, speak and write in any language

    3. a person aged 7 years and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language

    4. a person aged 21 years and above, who can read, speak and write any language

    Answer: c

  5. Who among the following was considered to be a forerunner of backward class movement?

    1. Dr. B R Ambedkar

    2. Jotirao Phule

    3. E V Ramaswamy Naicker

    4. Ram Manohar Lohia

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Systems theory is criticized for its alleged ideological basis in favour of Status quo.
    • Reason (R): Systems theory is criticized for its alleged ideological basis in favour of Status quo.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): There has been a growing demand from review of centre-state relationships.
    • Reason (R): The states have no adequate resources to take up developmental projects.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Bureaucracy as an instrument of exploitation in the state, exploits the affairs of the community in such a manner as to promote and sustain its private ends.
    • Reason (R): It is the bureaucracy which determines the fate of a political system of a given society.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): Article 14 of the Indian Constitution does not lay down that all laws must be of universal application.
    • Reason (R): State has power to classify persons for legitimate purpose and on reasonable grounds.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: d

    • Assertion (A): Indian socialists emphasized on labour intensive cottage industry, decentralization and eradication of the caste system.
    • Reason (R): Indian socialists were deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandh1.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a