Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 29 of 150)

  1. 86th Amendment to the constitution of India has

    1. Made free and compulsory primary education a fundamental right

    2. Incorporated provision of right to inheritance in the Directive Principles of State Policy

    3. Enhanced the scope of reservation for backward communities in educational instructions

    4. Brought minority educational institutions under strict control of the

    Central Government

  2. Which one of the following statements correctly describes the seventh schedule of the constitution of India?

    1. In constrains the languages recognized in the constitution

    2. It contains the provisions regarding the administration of tribal areas

    3. It lists distribution of powers between the Union and the states

    4. It deals with the salaries and emoluments of the constitutional functionaries

  3. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Committee on Petitions
      • Standing committee to inquire
      • Committee on Government Assurances
      • Standing committee to scrutinize 8 of 13
      • Committee on Subordinate legislation
      • Standing committee to inquire
      • Select or joint committees on bills
      • Ad hoc committee
  4. Match List I (Fundamental Rights) with List II (Articles of the Indian constitution) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Right to equality

    2. Right to freedom

    3. Right to freedom of religion

    4. Right to constitutional remedies

    1. Article 14 − 18

    2. Article 25

    3. Article 32

    4. Article 19

    5. Article 13

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 5
      • 4
  5. Consider the following statements about Union-State relations in India:

    1. In case of overlapping of a matter between the three kinds of subjects of legislation, predominance has been given to the Union Legislation.

    2. In the concurrent sphere, in the case of repugnancy between a Union and a State law relating to the same subject, the former prevails, even if the State law was reserved for the assent of the President and has received such assent.

    3. The vesting of residual power under the Indian Constitution follows the precedent of Canada and not that of the

    Government of India Act, 1935.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. Under which Article of the Constitution of India, the State Governor can reserve a Bill for the consideration of the president?

    1. Article 169

    2. Article 200

    3. Article 201

    4. Article 257

  7. The States of the Indian Union can be reorganized or their boundaries altered by

    1. The union Parliament by a simple majority in the ordinary process of legislation

    2. Two-third majority of both the house of Parliament

    3. Two-third majority of both the house of the Parliament and the consent of the legislatures of the concerned states

    4. An executive order of the Union

    Government with the consent of the concerned state governments

  8. Consider the following statements: If the financial emergency has been declared by the President under the Article 360, then its proclamation

    1. May be revoked or varied by a subsequent proclamation.

    2. Shall ceases to operate at the expiration of two months, unless before the expiration of that period it has been approved by the resolution of both houses of Parliament.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  9. The Legislative Council in a State in India can be created or abolished by the

    1. President on the recommendation of a Governor of the state

    2. The Parliament

    3. The Parliament after the State Assembly passes a resolution to that effect

    4. Governor of the State on recommendation of the Council of

    Ministers

  10. Who among the following was the first to enunciate the concept of sovereignty?

    1. Aristotle

    2. Bodin

    3. Hobbes

    4. Laski

  11. The Institution of Ombudsman was first introduced in

    1. New Zealand 9 of 13

    2. Norway

    3. Finland

    4. Sweden

    • Assertion (A): Political science has always been caught in the tension between the “ought” and the “is”
    • Reason (R): Empirical methods are not adequately developed in political enquiry to take stock of all the possible variables.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Democratic majorities can easily decide not to respect particular rights, especially those of unpopular minorities.
    • Reason (R): Democracy must respect some basic rights, namely those necessary for the effective exercise of democratic citizenship.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In a multiparty electoral system, through a pre-election coalition with smaller parties; major party enhances the possibility of winning more seats than it would have won on its own.
    • Reason (R): In a multiparty system there is no necessary correspondence between the votes received and the seats won by a political party.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Social justice stands for a reasonably defensible distribution of resources and opportunities.
    • Reason (R): Without social justice long-term social co-operations unsustainable.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true