Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 36 of 150)

  1. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. Jeremy Bentham preserved the individualist notion of moral autonomy, with priority to individual interests

    2. Benthams's greatest contribution was in the field of jurisprudence and government

    3. Bentham considered the powers of the sovereign as indivisible, unlimited, inalienable and permanent

    4. Bentham argued that a legislator should not take into cognizance factors like people's customs, prejudices, religion and traditions while codifying the law

  2. Match List I s with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I (Modes of Decision Theory) List-II (Feature Decision Theory)
    1. Rational model

    2. Organizational process model

    3. Bureaucratic politics model

    4. Individual decision-making model

    1. Decision makers rely on standard operating procedures

    2. Foreign policy decisions result from the bargaining process among various government agencies

    3. Decision makers make choice after calculating costs and benefits of each possible course of action

    4. Decision makers suffer from misperceptions or selective perceptions

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
  3. For which one of the following institutions in the United Kingdom, additional members are elected on the basis of proportional representation?

    1. Westminster Parliament

    2. Scottish Parliament and Welsh National Assembly

    3. Northern Irish Assembly

    4. Local Council

    • Assertion (A): The structural adjustment programme encourages State spending and budget deficit to spur growth.
    • Reason (R): The International Monetary

    Fund wants to ensure that money lent to a country is not spent for politically popular purposes but it is spent for purposes without economically profitable motives.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The structural adjustment programme encourages State spending and budget deficit to spur growth.
    • Reason (R): The International Monetary Fund wants to ensure that money lent to a country is not spent for politically popular purposes but it is spent for purposes without economically profitable motives.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Fascism could not conceive of any sphere of human activity remaining immune from intervention by the State.
    • Reason (R): Fascism strove to unify the world b appealing to shared traditions of humankind.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The two-party system in the United Kingdom, devoid of local pressures, exercises an effective check upon group activities.
    • Reason (R): In multiparty system, there is hardly any intense pressure group activity at the legislative level.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): During any period when the Vice-President of India acts as President of India or discharges the functions of the President, he continues to perform the duties of the office of the chairman of the council of states.
    • Reason (R): The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio chairman of the council of states.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Lenin, imperialism is the highest state of capitalist development.
    • Reason (R): Industrialization and modern technology did not constitute a model for the development of the lesser developed countries.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Fabians is primarily a British middle class ideology.
    • Reason (R): Fabians are opposed to evolutionary method.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): A Bill which, if enacted and brought into operation, would involve expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of a State must have been recommended by the Governor to a House of the Legislature of the State for consideration of the Bill.
    • Reason (R): Such a Bill cannot be passed by the House without the recommendation of the Governor for consideration of the

    Bill.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  4. Consider the following statements:

    1. The Chairman of the House of States or speakers of the House of the people, or person acting as such, shall not vote at any sitting of either House of Parliament or joint sitting of the Houses in the first instance, but shall have and exercise a casting vote in the case of an equality of votes.

    2. A person is qualified to fill a seat in the

    Council of States or House of the

    People if he is not less than twenty-five years of age.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither-1 nor 2

  5. Consider the following statements in respect of an Ordinance promulgated by the President of India during recess of Parliament.

    1. Such an Ordinance may be withdrawn at any time by the President.

    2. Such an Ordinance shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament and shall cease to operate at the expiration of six weeks from the reassembly of

    Parliament, or before that period if disapproved by both Houses.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  6. On which of the following subjects does the Finance Commission of a State constituted under the Part IX of the Constitution of India make recommendations to the Governor?

    1. Distribution between the State and the Panchayats of the net proceeds of the taxes by the State.

    2. Determination of the taxes which may be assigned to, or appropriated by, the Panchayats.

    3. Grants-in-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 1 and 3 only

  7. Consider the following statements:

    1. The Parliament by Law may appoint the Governor of a State as the Administrator of an adjoining Union territory.

    2. If a Governor of a State is appointed to act as an Administrator of an adjoining

Union territory, he shall exercise his functions as such Administrator independently of his Council of

Ministers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

  2. 2 only

  3. Both 1 and 2

  4. Neither 1 nor 2