Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 44 of 150)

  1. Which one of the following is the correct combination related to theoretical defense of the welfare state?

    1. John Locke: Treatise on Government

    2. J S Mill: Representative Government

    3. F. Engels: Socialism Utopian and Scientific

    4. L. T. Hobhouse: Liberalism

  2. Why do contemporary liberals persuaded by John Rawis argue for the primacy of rights over good?

    1. A majority of the people prefer rights over good

    2. There are plurality of conceptions of good which people uphold and they have their reasons for the same 7 of 15

    3. Liberal societies, unlike the traditional, uphold rights

    4. The universal declaration on human rights prefers right over good

  3. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. The party system and the elections in India are based on single member constituencies, first-past-the post system of plurality voting and a bicameral legislature

    2. British party system is the product of the great economic and social changes that rocked the society and the state in the nineteenth century Europe

    3. The electoral system is at the heart of the credibility (legitimacy) of modern democracies

    4. The first general elections (Parliamentary Elections) were held in

    India in the year 1950 following the ratification of the Constitution

  4. Consider the following with respect to deepening of democracy:

    1. A system of representation, with well functioning political parties and interest associations.

    2. An electoral system that guarantees free and fair elections as well as universal suffrage.

    3. A system of checks and balances based on the separation of powers with independent judicial and legislative branches.

    4. A vibrant civil society as well as a free and independent media.

    Which of the above are required to deepen democracy?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 4 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  5. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. The effects of globalization on the lives of women have been multiple, contradictory, exclusionary and exclusionary

    2. The gender question can be meaningfully addressed only by ensuring equality in the private realm

    3. A democratic solution to gender question lies with more democracy in social, economic and political fields with a commitment to equality

    4. Feminist political theory from its inception has demanded special and different treatment for women

  6. Consider the following statements about conservatism:

    1. Conservatism is opposed to revolutionary change.

    2. For conservatives, traditions, customs and usages are sources of rights.

    3. Conservatives are invariably committed to religious practices.

    4. Conservatives are opposed to universal adult franchise.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  7. Consider the following countries:

    1. France

    2. England

    3. Switzerland

    4. Germany

    By the end of 19th century in which of the above countries all adult women were enfranchised?

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 only

    4. None of the above

  8. Which one of the following thinkers defended representative democracy against direct democracy?

    1. J J Rousseau

    2. Karl Marx

    3. M. A. Bakunin

    4. J. Madison

  9. Consider the following statements: In early 1920s Gandhi argued that swaraj is impossible without

    1. Khadi

    2. Hindu-Muslim unity

    3. Abolition of unsociability

    4. Nai Talim (Basic Education)

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only 8 of 15

    4. 2 and 4 only

  10. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

      • Che Guevara
      • Bolshevik Revolution
      • Georg Lukacs
      • Cuban Revolution
      • Rose Luxemburg
      • German Uprising
      • Nikolai Bukharin
      • Hungarian

    Revolution

  11. Which one of the following conditions aptly represents Gandhi's idea of swaraj?

    1. Self-sufficiency in food grains based on large scale irrigation and applications of fertilizers

    2. Self-sufficient rural economy employing local resources and laborintensive techniques

    3. An economy where men and women are fully employed in professions requiring technical education

    4. Labor intensive agriculture and a modern urban economy

  12. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched (Concept)? (Thinker)

      • Public sphere
      • Thomas Hobbes
      • Civil associations
      • A. De Tocqueville
      • Social capital
      • Robert Putnam
      • Nongovernmental, non-party organizations
      • Rajni Kothari
  13. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

      • Leo Strauss
      • Political philosopher
      • Albert Venn Dicey
      • Constitutional theorist
      • Harold Lasswell
      • Communication theorist
      • Samuel Finer
      • Historian of

    Government

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 2 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  14. Modernization theories assonate which of the following with political modernization?

    1. Equal opportunity to participate n politics and compete for government office.

    2. Differentiation and speciaflzabon of political functions.

    3. Secularization of the political sphere.

    4. Formation of a federal system of government.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 and 4 only

    2. 1, 2 and 3 only

    3. 1, 2 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  15. Consider the following statements: Thomas Hobbes argues that

    1. Without the state, morality, justice, industry and civilization cannot endure.

    2. In the state of nature, everyman has the liberty to use his power as he wants.

    3. Human nature primarily seeks self preservation, power, glory, riches and honor.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3