Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 60 of 150)

  1. The Strongest active force in the State capable of making its will prevail is known as

    1. De facto sovereign

    2. De jure sovereign

    3. Legal sovereign

    4. Political sovereign

  2. Consider the following passage “If a determinate human superior, not in the habit of obedience to a like superior. Receives habitual obedience from the bulk of given society, that determinate human superior is the sovereign and that society, is a society, political and independent.” The above view represents

    1. The legal theory of sovereignty

    2. The theory of political sovereignty

    3. The theory of popular sovereignty

    4. The philosophical view of sovereignty

  3. The view that the State is “the selfrealizing and the self-actualizing individual” was propounded by

    1. Kant

    2. Fichte

    3. Hegel

    4. Bosanquet

  4. The political philosopher who argued that “it would be of lasting benefit to political science if the whole concept of sovereignty were surrendered” was

    1. AD Lindsay

    2. E Barker

    3. Krabbe

    4. H J Laski

  5. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

      • Popular
      • Supreme law-making sovereignty body in the State
      • Political
      • The sum total of the influences sovereignty which lie behind the law
      • Legal
      • Where a person seizes power by sovereignty force and becomes the ruler
      • De jure
      • Unorganized public sovereignty opinion clothed in legal form
  6. Rawls uses the Contract theory to derive the principles of

    1. A just society

    2. Political liberty

    3. A peaceful social system

    4. Progressive taxation

  7. Who among the following proclaimed the theory of “One Nation, One State”

    1. Mazzini

    2. Acton

    3. Karl Marx

    4. Lenin

  8. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Statement of Origin/Nature of the State) List-II (Names of theories with whom the given statements are associated)
    1. The state is the product of slow growth

    2. The State is an organ of class-rule

    3. The State is the result of some kind of agreement between the people

    4. The animal and social bodies, begin as germs, all similar and simple in structure and as they grow and develop, they become unlike and complex in structure

    1. Marxist Theory

    2. Historical Theory

    3. Organic Theory

    4. Social Contract Theory

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  9. Who holds the view that the State is a necessary evil?

    1. T H Green

    2. Karl Marx

    3. Immanuel Kant

    4. Herbert Spencer

  10. The theory which holds that the State and 1ivining organisms are structurally any functionally similar is known as the

    1. Structural Theory

    2. Functional Theory

    3. Organizational Theory

    4. Organic Theory

  11. Who among the following regarded the State as prior to the individual?

    1. Herbert

    2. Aristotle

    3. H J Laski

    4. Thrasymachus

  12. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Hobbes
      • “Patriarcha”
      • Marx
      • “Manifesto of the Communist Party”
      • Aristotle
      • “Politics”
      • Rousseau
      • “Social Contract”
    • Assertion (A): Locke held that the state of nature was a state of peace, mutual assistance, goodwill and self-preservation.
    • Reason (R): The state of nature was governed by the law of nature.

    In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  13. Thomas Hobbes rejected the idea of

    1. Laws of Nature

    2. Divine Rights

    3. Social Contract

    4. Natural Rights

  14. Who among the following is associated with the Social Contract Theory?

    1. Austin

    2. Locke

    3. J S Mill

    4. Marx