Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 71 of 150)

  1. “A thinking man is a depraved animal” This view of man was propounded by

    1. Hobbes

    2. Vico

    3. Herder

    4. Rousseau

  2. Rousseau's theory of General Will implies that it is

    1. The sum of particular wills

    2. The aggregate of all the rational wills of individuals comprising a particular political community

    3. The transcendent, universal will may be even of one individual, which aims at the common good of the community

    4. Will of the enlightened ruling elite 9 of 13

  3. The theory of Social Contract is essentially concerned with

    1. Explaining the historical genesis of the state

    2. Exploiting the philosophical/theoretical foundations of the state

    3. Justifying the status quo

    4. Promoting bourgeois order

  4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. In the state of nature, the life of man was solitary poor nasty, brutish and short

    2. Man is born free but he is everywhere in chains

    3. Men being by nature all free, equal and independent, no one can be put out of this state and subjected to the political power of another, without his consent

    4. The state ought not to be considered as nothing better than a partnership agreement in a trade of paper and coffee It is a partnership in all science a partnership in all arts, a partnership in every virtue and in all perfection

    1. J J Rousseau

    2. Karl Marx

    3. Thomas Hobbes

    4. John Locke

    5. Edmund Burke

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    • D
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  5. It is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied This observation is

    1. A reaffirmation of hedonistic utilitarianism

    2. An improvement on hedonism

    3. A repudiation of hedonism

    4. A form of moral intuitionism

  6. The philosopher who has transformed classical liberalism into a kind of welfares in modern times is

    1. Hayek

    2. Macpherson

    3. Nozck

    4. Rawis

  7. One of the criticisms of the theory of Natural Rights is that it

    1. Places societal interests above individual interests

    2. Assumes that rights exist prior to society

    3. Believes that rights are the creations of the sovereign

    4. Puts too much emphasis on social recognition of rights

  8. The entitlement theory of property has been propounded by

    1. John Locke

    2. John Rawis

    3. Hayek

    4. Nozick

  9. Who among the following thinkers made a distinction between Real Will and Actual Will?

    1. Rousseau

    2. Green

    3. Bosanquet

    4. Kant

  10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer.

    List-I (Rules/Relations) List-II
    1. Rule which govern relations among individuals

    2. Principles which govern relations between states

    3. Principles which govern the conduct between different levels of government (such as federal state, local)

    4. Principles which govern the relations between various governmental agencies and between government and citizens

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

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  11. The theory of justice the man thrust of which is on fairness, is known as

    1. Metaphysical theory of justice

    2. Political theory of justice

    3. Legal theory of justice

    4. Retributive theory of justice

  12. “I hates democracy because I love freedom.” This observation belongs to a school of political thought known as

    1. Anarchism

    2. Conservatism

    3. Totalitarianism

    4. Liberalism

  13. Karl popper has advocated

    1. Rational reconstruction of entire sociopolitical system on scientific principles

    2. Piece-meal social engineering

    3. Historicists view of social evolution

    4. Democratic planning

  14. Marx believed that equality in a society could be established only when

    1. All individuals were given political freedom

    2. Class contradictions were removed

    3. Rule of law was established

    4. Separation of powers was practiced

  15. “It is not the nation which generates the state that is an antiquated naturalistic concept… Rather it is the state which creates the nation conferring volition and therefore real life on a people made aware of their moral unity… Indeed it is the state which, as the expression of a universal ethical will creates the right to national independence” This statement comes from

    1. Hegel

    2. Herder

    3. Mazzini

    4. Mussolini