Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 79 of 150)

  1. In describing the “State of Nature” the concept of “the veil of ignorance” was introduced by

    1. Hobbes

    2. Locke

    3. Rousseau

    4. Rawis

  2. Laski's political theory may be best characterized as

    1. Pluralist

    2. Individualist

    3. Marxist

    4. Pluralist, individualist and Marxist in turn

    • Assertion (A): The New Leftism of Herbert Marcuse, Frantz Fanon and others is not a total rejection of Marxism.
    • Reason (R): The New Left drew heavily on Das Kapital.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

  3. The function of the State is not to promote morality but to remove obstacles from the way of good life. The above view is attributed to

    1. New-idealists

    2. Fascists

    3. Utilitarian

    4. Anarchists

    • Assertion (A): According to T H Green the self is a social self.
    • Reason (R): Bosanquet believes that there is mutuality of relationship between individual and social community of which he is a member.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  4. The Welfare State is essentially a synthesis of

    1. Liberalism and Socialism

    2. Socialism and Communism

    3. Communism and Idealism

    4. Individualism and Fascism

  5. The concept of gradualness as the midwife of social change was accepted by

    1. Marxists

    2. Democratic Socialists

    3. Syndic lists

    4. Anarchists

  6. The principle of the “greatest good of the greatest number”

    1. Takes care of the good of every separate individual

    2. Sacrifices the individual good at the altar of a majority good designs

    3. Designs a calculus which reconciles the greatest good of the individual into the sum total of the good

    4. Resolves the problem of individual freedom and social justice within the framework of hedonistic ethics 10 of 14

  7. Who among the following thinkers combined natural rights with physiological metaphor?

    1. Locke

    2. Spencer

    3. Green

    4. Burke

  8. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

      • Property as product of human labor
      • Proudhan
      • Property as theft
      • Marx
      • Property as instrument
      • Aristotle
      • Property as appropriation of surplus value
      • Locke
  9. “The free man is the man who is not in irons, nor imprisoned in a gaol, nor terrorized like a slave by the fear of punishment… It is not lack of freedom not to fly like an eagle or swim like a whale” (Halvetius) This is concept of freedom

    1. As empowerment

    2. As self determination

    3. As absence of obstacles both external and internal which hamper individual action

    4. As “absence of external impediments to movement”

  10. “Mankind are greater gainers by suffering each other to live as seems good to themselves than by compelling each to live as seems good to the rest.” This view was expressed by

    1. J S Mill

    2. Milten

    3. Spinoza

    4. Laski

  11. “Freedom is the positive power or capacity of doing or enjoying something worth doing or enjoying.” This view of liberty was expressed by

    1. T. Green

    2. 1. Kant

    3. H. Laski

    4. J S Mill

  12. Which one of the following is not an apt description of negative liberty?

    1. It is the area within which a man can act unobstructed by others

    2. The individual has some assured positive spheres in which others can not interfere

    3. A circle around every individual human being; a space entrenched around, a reserved territory

    4. It is the absence of humanly imposed impediments including lack of access to the means of life and means of labor

    • Assertion (A): Right to equality suggests that people ought to have an equal opportunity to demonstrate their particular capabilities arid not be governed by the accident o their birth.
    • Reason (R): All men are equal in virtue, talent rational capacity and Endeavour.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true