Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 8 of 150)

  1. Aristotle's dictum “the state is prior to man” implies

    1. The temporal priority of the state

    2. The absorption of man in the state

    3. The integral unity of man and the state

    4. A genetic. Fallacy

  2. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. The state is a System of positive law

    2. The state as self-realizing and selfactualizing idea

    3. The state is the ethical idea

    4. The state is the product of force

    1. Bosanquet

    2. Oppenheimer

    3. Hegel

    4. Kelsnn

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  3. The idea of the contract was revived in

    1. Lenin's State and Revolution

    2. Rawl's Theory of justice

    3. Green's Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation

    4. Hannah Arendt's The Origins of

    Totalitarianism

  4. According to Hobbe's Leviathan signifies

    1. A single individual wielding absolute authority

    2. Any collectivity acting as a unit by legal fiction

    3. Sovereign power claiming divine sanction

    4. The legitimating of authority by possession of unlimited physic logy power

  5. Which one of the following statements about Rosseau is correct?

    1. Rousseau transformed the cardinal tent of the theory of contract by rejecting rationalistic individualism

    2. Rousseau rendered the contract theory of Hobbes and Locke more coherent and systematic

    3. Rousseau continued the natural law and natural right tradition of the earlier contract thinkers

    4. Rousseau's general conclusions about the natural of the state do not signify the advent of idealist totalitarian tradition in political philosophy

  6. According to Maarxian theory of the Materialist interpretation of history, the most fundamental factor in the evolution of the state and society is

    1. Force of production

    2. Relations of production

    3. Science and technology

    4. Class antagonism

  7. The function of the state is to higher hindrances. This implies

    1. A totally negative concept of the functions of the state 12 of 12

    2. A positive and direct role of the state in the moral development of the individual by way of removing obstacles

    3. That the state has absolutely no concern with the moral development of human personality

    4. That in order to maintain conditions and remove obstacles the state must positively interfere with everything tending to violate conditions or impose obstacles

  8. Which one of the following statements about John Start Mill's theory of liberty is correct?

    1. Mill's concept of liberty is logically consistent with utilitarianism

    2. Mill's concept of liberty is incongruous with utilitarianism

    3. Mill values liberty as an indispensable means to the attainment of the greatest good of the greatest number

    4. Mill thinks that without liberty man cannot attain rational and moral perfection and be an ideal human being

  9. Rawlsian liberalism is based on

    1. The utilitarian theory of good

    2. Kantian constructivism in moral theory

    3. A comprehensive moral theory

    4. A substantive metaphysical theory

  10. According to the classical liberals

    1. Democracy and liberty are complementary to each other

    2. Democracy is a threat to liberty

    3. Liberty is the end of democracy

    4. Liberty is the right of self realization

  11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Justice as a virtue of soul

    2. Justice as individual rights

    3. Justice as an irrational notion

    4. Justice as proportionate equality

    1. Aristotle

    2. Kelsen

    3. Nozick

    4. Plato

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  12. The state as a general and embracing scheme of life must necessarily adjust the relations of associations to itself, to other associations and to their own members to itself in order to maintain the integrity of its own scheme, to other associations in order to preserve the equality of associations before law; and to their own members in order to preserve the individual from the possible tyranny of the group. This view of the relationship between the state and other associations was propounded by

    1. Gierke

    2. Duguit

    3. Laski

    4. Barker

  13. The difference principle in the Rawlsian theory of liberal-welfare state is derived from

    1. Sympathy for the worst off in society

    2. Moral duty to help the least advantaged

    3. The principle of maximization of utilities

    4. The maxmin principle

  14. Which one of the following is the doctrine of positive

    1. Freedom is self-realization

    2. Freedom is the absence of restraint

    3. Freedom is the fulfillment of desire

    4. Freedom is power to do whatever one wants

  15. There are social forms, like the family or the church or the club which Owe neither their origin nor their inspiration to the state social forces like custom or competition certainly does not protect or modify but certainly does not create and the social motives like friendship or jealousy which establish relations too inmate and personal to be controlled by the great engine of the state To which one of the following theories of the origin of state does the above statement refer?

    1. Marxist Theory

    2. Social Contract Theory

    3. Force Theory

    4. Historical Theory