Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 80 of 150)

    • Assertion (A): Liberal democrats argue that fictitious inequalities must be overcome and unjustified inequalities must be opposes.
    • Reason (R): To equalize artificially is tantamount to creating a situation of privileges implied in acceptance of artificial inequalities.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  1. Match List I with List ii and select the coned answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Aristotle

    2. Bentham

    3. Marx 11 of 14

    4. Ruskin

    1. Unto the last

    2. From each according to his ability and to each according to his needs

    3. Greatest happiness of the greatest number

    4. Treat equals equally and unequal unequally

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  2. “Difference principle” suggests

    1. That differences in income and wealth are justified on grounds of merits and natural endowments of individuals

    2. That differences in income and social position can be justified on the ground of maximization of utilities

    3. That inequalities in income and wealth are just only if they are of the grates benefit to the least advantaged

    4. That inequalities can be justified on

    Pareto's principle of optimality

  3. Consider the following passage: “The principles of right, and so of justice, put limits on which satisfactions have value; they impose restrictions on what are reasonable conceptions of one's good. Hence in justice as fairness one does not take men's propensities and inclinations as given, whatever they are, and then seek the best way to fulfill them. Rather, their desires and aspirations are restricted from the outset by the principles of justice which specify the boundaries that men's system of ends must respect.” (John Rawis, A theory of justice) In the above passage Rawls suggests

    1. Right is prior to good

    2. Good is prior to right

    3. Right is the same as good

    4. Good determines right

  4. Which of the following are the true functions of the electoral process in a democracy?

    1. To keep government responsive to the popular

    2. To bring together citizens to choose public demission makers.

    3. To change the government periodically if necessary.

    4. To support a competitive party system.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

    • Assertion (A): Where no party can command a majority on its own in the legislature after the elections, party leaders tend to form coalitions to sustain a government.
    • Reason (R): The system of proportional representation frequently sustains multiple parties.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and H are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The List system gives true representation to all the parties contesting elections in proportion to the votes cast in their favor.
    • Reason (R): The total number of votes cast in favor of the different parties is counted and the seats in the legislature are allotted to these parties in proportion to the votes.

    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  5. The idea that the number of seats won by a political party in the legislature shall be 12 of 14 approximately equal to the votes east for that party is based on the theory of

    1. Communal representation

    2. Functional representation

    3. Proportional representation

    4. Territorial representation

  6. Consider the following statements regarding the Single Transferable Vote System

    1. The candidate securing the lowest number of votes is eliminated and his votes are transferred to the next candidate in order of preference.

    2. Candidates polling the necessary minimum quota of votes are elected and their surplus votes are transferred to other candidates in order to preference.

    3. An elector is required to indicate his choice of specified number of candidates in the order of his preference.

    4. The required number of seats are filled by a process of transfer of votes and elimination.

    What is correct sequence in which the above requirements are to be followed?

    Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 3, 2, 1, 4

    2. 3, 2, 4, 1

    3. 2, 3, 4, 1

    4. 2, 3, 1, 4

  7. Which one of the following would be counted as public opinion?

    1. Opinion of the majority of citizens

    2. Unanimous opinion of all the citizens

    3. Sum total of incoherent opinion held by different groups of citizens

    4. Opinion held by effective majority based on reason and aiming at common good

  8. Which one of the following is NOT the reason state by J S Mill to uphold freedom of speech?

    1. It is a natural right

    2. An opinion suppressed may eventually prove to be true

    3. Absence of freedom of speech leads to dogmatism and priest craft

    4. Truth is not a finished product. It is constantly rediscovered and refurbished. Freedom of speech is essential for the same

    • Assertion (A): Rousseau disapproved representative democracy.
    • Reason (R): Sovereignty resided ire

    General Will. In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true bit R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  9. A successful democracy depends upon widespread interest and participation in politics, in which voting is an essential part. To deliberately refrain from taking such an interest and from voting, is kind of implied anarchy; it is to refuse one's political responsibility while enjoying the benefits of a free political society. This statements relates to the

    1. Right to vote

    2. Duty to vote

    3. Freedom to vote

    4. Right to participate in politics

  10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Books) List-II (Authors)
    1. A preface to Economic Democracy

    2. The Life and Times of Liberal Democracy

    3. Participation and Democratic Theory

    4. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

    1. C B Macpherson

    2. J. Schumpeter

    3. Robert Dahi

    4. C. Pateman

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
  11. Who among the following defined the party as follows? “Party is a body of men united, for promoting by their joint endeavors the national interest, upon some particular principle in which they are all agreed.”

    1. Duverger

    2. Eldersveld

    3. Burke

    4. Sartori