Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 81 of 150)

  1. Who among the following scholars argues that the electoral system determines the nature of the party system?

    1. Mitchels

    2. Duverger

    3. Schumpeter

    4. Weber

  2. Which one of the following is NOT the role of Pressure groups?

    1. To contest elections to promote their interest

    2. To help candidates favorable to them to get elected

    3. To patronize legislators to secure their help in furthering their cause

    4. To try to influence public opinion and enlist its support

  3. Democracy and socialism are linked only by the word “equality” but not the difference: Democracy wants equality in freedom; socialism wants equality in constraint and enslavement. The above view was expressed by

    1. Alexis de Tocqueville

    2. Lord Acton

    3. John Stuart Mill

    4. Herbert Spencer

  4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. TH Green

    2. Jeremy Bentham

    3. John Locke

    4. John Dewey

    1. Natural Rights

    2. Idealism

    3. Pragmatism

    4. Utilitarianism

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  5. Which one of the following thinkers may be called both a “utopian” socialist and the father of the trade union movement in Britain?

    1. Adam Smith

    2. G D H Cole

    3. Friedrich Engels

    4. Robert Owen

  6. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

      • Proudhon
      • Philosophy of Poverty
      • Robert Owen
      • New Christianity
      • Charles Fourier
      • Phalanx
      • Badeuf
      • Conspiracy of the Equals
  7. Who among the following were members of the Fabian Society established in 1883?

    1. Bertrand Russell

    2. George Bernard Shaw

    3. Harold Laski

    4. HG. Wells

    Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  8. Which of the following were the doctrinal principles of the Fabians?

    1. A method of propaganda, designed to disarm middle class suspicions and to facilitate the infiltration of socialist ideas.

    2. Permeation as their favorite maxim by which was meant that its members were free to join other parties.

    3. Preaching and practice of protest against compromises

    4. Leading a protest movement against all existing authorities and against all the accustomed ways.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1, 3 and 4

  9. The three sources of Marx's thought are

    1. German Philosophy, French Economy and British socialism 14 of 14

    2. German Philosophy, Russian Anarchism and French socialism

    3. German Philosophy, British Economics and French Socialism

    4. Utopian Socialism, French Revolution and Tsarist autonomy

  10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. “Land, Bread, Peace”

    2. “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”

    3. “Nationalism, Democracy, Livelihood”

    4. Glorious Revolution

    1. Chinese Revolution

    2. French Revolution

    3. Russian Revolution

    4. American Revolution

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
  11. The doctrine concerning the changing of circumstances and upbringing forgets that circumstances are changed by men and that the educator must himself be educated. The above view was expressed by:

    1. Hobbes

    2. Feurbach

    3. Hegel

    4. Marx

  12. The concept of “two parliaments” was enunciated by

    1. Guild Socialism

    2. Marxian Socialism

    3. Syndicalism

    4. State Socialism

  13. Which of the following were the basic principles of democratic socialism?

    1. It aimed at the elimination of the evils of free competition which creates havoc in a capitalist society.

    2. It was against all forms of private property.

    3. It believed in peaceful democratic and constitutional means.

    4. It was against a competitive party system.

    Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 3

  14. Read the following two statements: “A” “War alone brings up to their highest tension all human energies and puts the stamp of nobility upon the peoples who have the courage to meet it.” “B” It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but, on the contrary, their social existence determines their consciousness." Which political ideology is reflected in the respective statements?

    1. Fascism in “A” and Liberalism in “B”

    2. Fascism in “A” and Marxism in “B”

    3. Liberalism in “A” and Syndicalism in “B”

    4. Marxism in “A” and Fascism in “B”

  15. What is the most appropriate identification of the nature of the State if the following conditions prevail?

    1. Leadership claims that instead of freedom of expression and critical enquiries, sentiment and action are what hold people and groups together.

    2. Society and Nations are synonymous. The State becomes that organic structure of the Nation. The State has absolute sovereignty, moral and legal.

    3. Responsibility discipline and hierarchy are essential for citizen's participations in national life.

    4. The liberty of citizens depends exclusively on the extent and effectiveness of State force. The legitimacy of citizens rights is in congruence with the will of the State.

    Choose the corset answer from the codes given below:

    1. Bolshevism

    2. Dictatorship

    3. Democratic Centralism

    4. Fascism