Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 95 of 150)

  1. Consider the following:

    1. Ghadar Party

    2. Khilafat Movement

    3. Dandi March

    4. Champaran Satyagraha

    Their correct chronological sequence is

    1. 4, 1, 2, 3

    2. 1, 4, 3, 2

    3. 4, 1, 3, 2

    4. 1, 4, 2, 3

    • Assertion (A): No State can ensure the welfare of all its citizens.
    • Reason (R): The State is coercive by nature and inherently opposed to human freedom.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The State should strive to establish a social order which should ensure “freedom from want” and “freedom from fear” for all.
    • Reason (R): Far from an instrument of power, the State has become, so far as its internal activities are concerned, in large measure an agency of social justice.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Sovereignty is the most important attribute of the State.
    • Reason (R): In every full-fledged or independent State, there must be an ultimate authority, an authority against which there is no appeal.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The ultimate foundation of political obligation lies in human consciousness.
    • Reason (R): Will, not force is the basis of the State.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The President of India occupies almost the same position as the King or Queen of England.
    • Reason (R): The President is ultimately bound to act in accordance with the advice given by the Council of Ministers.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Preventive Detention is included in the chapter on Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India.
    • Reason (R): “Preventive Detention” is a Fundamental Right of the State against individuals.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true 9 of 12

    • Assertion (A): The “Moderates” believed in constitutional methods and tried to arouse public opinion in favor of their demands.
    • Reason (R): They were convinced that the time then was not yet ripe for overthrowing British rule.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Parliamentary system of government is based on the principle of collective responsibility.
    • Reason (R): A parliamentary defeat is not necessarily a sufficient cause for resignation of the Ministry.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Federal government is a political mechanism for reconciling national unity and power with the maintenance of states rights.
    • Reason (R): Autonomous state with contiguous territory having certain common affinities and historical interests crave for unity by means of a National

    Government.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The matters of local concern are best administered by a properly organized system of local government.
    • Reason (R): Only they can understand the problems of a particular people who are intimately related to them.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  2. The purpose of social contract theory is to

    1. Trace the origin and development of state

    2. Justify the status quo of political systems

    3. Establish the political authority and principle of obligation

    4. To foster social evolution

  3. As a concept, Natural Rights are rights which

    1. Obtain in the state of nature

    2. Derive from the necessary relations inherent in the world of nature

    3. are co-extensive with the natural powers of man

    4. Are intrinsic to the human selfconsciousness

  4. “Property appropriated by the revolution should be immediately distributed among the workers groups and every precaution should be taken to prevent the formation of anything resembling a government.” Which one of the following theory upholds this view?

    1. Anarchism

    2. Marxism

    3. Socialism

    4. Fabianism

  5. Sir Henry Maine's theory of State was influenced by

    1. Benthamite utilitarianism

    2. The theory of Social Evolution

    3. Theory of Social Contract

    4. Hegelian idelism