Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 11 of 68)

  1. Consider the following definitions of Psychology:

    1. According to a group of philosophers, psychology is a science of soul.

    2. According to a group of psychologists, psychology is the science of mind.

    3. J B Watson defined psychology as the science of behaviour.

    4. Wilhelm Wundt defined psychology as the science of conscious experience.

    The correct chronological order in which they developed is

    1. 1, 4, 2, 3

    2. 1, 2, 4, 3

    3. 2, 1, 3, 4

    4. 2, 3, 4, 1

  2. The approach to psychology that focuses on the basic elements which make up consciousness is called

    1. structuralism

    2. functionalism

    3. behaviounsm

    4. elementalism

  3. A psychologist interested in knowing how young children think while learning ‘how to play games’ is a (an)

    1. behavioural psychologist

    2. sports psychologist

    3. cognitive psychologist

    4. environmental psychologist

  4. The humanistic perspective in the context of study of behaviour, concentrates on

    1. remembering

    2. biological factor

    3. social and cultural systems

    4. personal growth

  5. A method of research in which the investigator uses predetermined framework for evoking responses from the subject is

    1. naturalistic observation

    2. scheduled interview

    3. case study

    4. biographical enquiry

  6. Which one of the following psychologists suggested that only observable behaviours should be studied?

    1. Watson

    2. Galton

    3. Titchner

    4. Freud

  7. The most frequently used method in psychology to explore cause and effect relationships between variables is

    1. conelational method

    2. experimental method

    3. naturalistic observation method

    4. participant observer method

  8. In an experiment, it is important that assignment of subjects to the variable conditions must be

    1. systematic

    2. natural

    3. experimentally biased

    4. random

  9. When psychologists do not use samples that are repsentative of the population, they must

    1. be very careful not to over generalize their findings

    2. destroy any data they have collected and begin the study

    3. request the subjects to behave in a manner consistent with the population

    4. repeat the same study at least ten times to ensure accuracy

  10. Match List I (Method) with List II (Phenomenon to be studies) arid select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Survey method

    2. Experimental method

    3. Case study method

    4. Observation method

    1. Baby-rearing of the chimpanzees

    2. Complete information about a person

    3. Manipulation of independent variable

    4. Attitudes of public towards women's liberation

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  11. The correlation between X and Y variables is 0.80. It means X and Y have a common variation of

    1. 80 percent

    2. 20 percent

    3. 36 percent

    4. 64 percent

  12. In a psychological study, the results are statistically significant when likelihood of their occurrence by chance is

    1. Zero

    2. High

    3. Moderate

    4. Low

  13. The measurement of height of children is an instance of

    1. Interval scale

    2. Ratio scale

    3. Nominal scale

    4. Ordinal scale

  14. In the normal probability distribution, which one pair of the following will be lying on the

    1. Mean and range

    2. Mean and median

    3. Quartile and range

    4. Median and quartile

  15. Match List-I (Measures) with List-II (Objectives) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Mode

    2. Quartile deviation

    3. Reliability

    4. Validity

    1. Purpose of the test

    2. Consistency of test scores

    3. Measure of variability

    4. Measure of central tendency

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2