Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 13 of 68)

  1. In the case of human development, the strongest evidence for the critical-period hypothesis is found in

    1. Imprinting

    2. Language acquisition

    3. Embryonic development

    4. Development of vocational interests

  2. Which one set of the following psychologists developed a theory that early experience affect adult behaviour?

    1. Freud, Watson and Harlow

    2. Freud and Harlow

    3. Watson and Freud

    4. Harlow and Watson

  3. Parallel lines such as railways tracks appear to converge on a distant point called vanishing point. This phenomenon is explained by the principle of

    1. Relative size

    2. Inter position

    3. Linear perspective

    4. Aerial perspective

  4. Match List-I (Visual Cues) with List-II (Perceptual process) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Visual angle

    2. Proximity

    3. Motion parallax

    4. Visual cliff

    1. Perceptual organization

    2. Depth perception

    3. Size constancy

    4. Illusion

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
  5. Consider the following statements: A person, put in a dark solitary room for several hours, seems to have lost his perception of time because of

    1. loss of all sensory threshold.

    2. absence of any primary sensory cue.

    3. appearance of temporal illusion.

    Which of the above statement is/are correct?

    1. 3 only

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. The binocular depth cue that depends on the distance between the eye refers to

    1. Illusion

    2. Movement

    3. Convergence

    4. Retinal disparity

  7. In our estimate of the actual size of objects, our brain takes two factors into account. These are

    1. Constancies and illusions

    2. Object size and apparent distance

    3. Object size and retinal size

    4. Retinal size and apparent distance

  8. Dark adaptation is a process in which the eyes get more sensitive to

    1. Green light

    2. Coloured lights

    3. Light with bright illumination

    4. Light with low illumination

  9. In an application of the principles of perceptual illusion of a highway safety problem, lines are painted on a road. If the intent is to slow drivers down, how should the lines be painted across the highway?

    1. Equally spaced

    2. At random intervals

    3. Increasingly close together

    4. Farther and farther apart

  10. Motivated forgetting in perception is due to

    1. Repression

    2. Displacement

    3. Sublimation

    4. Reaction formation

  11. Which one of the following factors is most important in our being selective?

    1. Perceptual set

    2. Attitudinal attributes

    3. Motivational characteristics

    4. Personality dimensions

  12. Pilots tend to rely more their instruments than on their perception because of

    1. The absence of any real-motion perception

    2. Their apparent movement perception

    3. The illusion of induced movement of objects

    4. The strict flight instructions given to them

  13. Simultaneous presentation of stimuli other than those used in the conditioning, reduces the size of conditioned response. This is known as

    1. Discrimination

    2. Generalization

    3. External inhibition

    4. Shaping

  14. Which one of the following statements explain the incidental learning?

    1. Learning without actually trying to attain a goal

    2. Learning in the absence of ostensible reinforcement

    3. Learning without the knowledge of the relationship between the response and the reinforcement

    4. Learning in the absence of changes in the perception or discriminations

  15. Attending college in order to pursue a career at a latest stage, can best be explained by

    1. Drive theory

    2. Arousal theory

    3. Expectancy theory

    4. Optimal theory