Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 15 of 68)

  1. The memory trace, if not revived from time to time, gradually fades out according to the law of disuse, until it is completely obliterated. It is called

    1. Anti-consolidation

    2. Proactive inhibition

    3. Atrophy

    4. Interference

  2. The mnemonic- ‘Knot in the handkerchief’ combines which of the following cues to help a person to remember?

    1. Visual and space

    2. Movement and tactural

    3. Tactile and shape

    4. Visual and tactile

  3. Apparent motion of a stationary point of light against a dark background in a dark room is termed as

    1. Auto kinetic effect

    2. Phi-phenomenon

    3. Motion parallax

    4. Linear perspective

  4. Size judgement is based on

    1. Clarity at the object

    2. Object size

    3. Retinal image

    4. Distance information

  5. How do the armies create camouflage to conceal their men and material?

    1. By eliminating figure-ground cues

    2. By darkening the visual field

    3. By painting bizarre colour patterns

    4. By manipulating gradients of visual texture

  6. As the eyes become adapted to darkness at one particular point, red colours begins to darkness at one particular point, red colours begins to darken and the greens and blues become brighter. This change is known as

    1. Duplicity theory of colour vision

    2. Herring's theory of colour vision

    3. Purkinje effect

    4. Perceptual constancy

  7. Which one of the following statements describes the most appropriate relationship between language and thought?

    1. Thinking is active imagination carried out by language

    2. Thinking is nothing but silent speech

    3. Thinking is a mental activity and language gives it objective shape

    4. Thinking denotes language relativity

  8. Which one of the following psychological tests is based on the principle ‘we perceive what we want to or fear to perceive’

    1. The 16-personality factors questionnaire

    2. TAT

    3. WAIS

    4. Differential Aptitudes Test

  9. Bartlett's concept of schema was borrowed from

    1. Behaviorism and Thorndike's Law of Effect

    2. Psychoanalysis and Freud's ‘Psychopathology of Everyday Life’

    3. Neurology & Henry Head's conception of knowledge location

    4. Computer Science and Minsky's concept of ‘frame’

  10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Types of Thinking) List-II (Characteristics)
    1. Reasoning

    2. Reverie

    3. Autistic

    4. Animism

    1. Free association of ideas, associations are random

    2. Sequence of association of ideas are controlled

    3. Projection of life into inanimate objects

    4. Dominated by the thinker's needs

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  11. A child sees a goat for the first time and calls it a dog. This illustrates Piaget's concept of

    1. Assimilation

    2. Organization

    3. Accommodation

    4. Differentiation

  12. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

      • Linguistic Relativity
      • Whof
      • Language Acquisition Device
      • Wittgenstein
      • Semantic Differential
      • Chomsky
      • Family Resemblance Structures

    Osgood

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Mental Process) List-II (Thinking Pattern)
    1. Controlled and Constructive revival of past experiences as images at the ideational level

    2. Controlled but unreal images directed towards a theme or pleasure of the moment

    3. Uncontrolled and irrational perceptions without any wordly sensory stimulation

    4. Random appearances of uncontrolled and unreal images

    1. Free association

    2. Hallucination

    3. Fantasy

    4. Imagination

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  14. Using both positive and negative instances in developing a concept is advantageous because

    1. We can lengthen the post feedback interval

    2. We increase the precision or defining limits of the concept

    3. We can counter balance positive and negative instances

    4. We can downplay the role of memory

  15. Which one of the following theories about problem solving would support the statement that a problem arises when it is necessary for a person to choose from more than one alternative?

    1. Gestalt insight theory

    2. Information processing

    3. Implicit trial and error

    4. Mediated generalization