Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 16 of 68)

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Explanations) List-II (Concepts)
    1. A tendency to repeat mechanically prior solutions of old problems that are no longer optimal for current problem solving

    2. A set of rules that eventually gurantee success in problem solving if the rules are appropriately used

    3. A kind of recognition difficulty in problem solving due to prior experience

    4. Strategies based on past experience to solve a problem

    1. Algorithm

    2. Heuristics

    3. Einstellung

    4. Functional fixedness

    • A
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    • D
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  2. The strategy of creative thinking that emphasizes free wheeling of ideas as well as deferred evaluation is known as

    1. Synthetics

    2. Attributes listing

    3. Brain storming

    4. Morphological analysis

  3. Which one of the following is the best method for investigating the effect of environmental variables on intelligence?

    1. Compare children reared in different countries

    2. Compare children reared in orphanages with children reared in families

    3. Compare twins reared by their biological parents with twins reared apart

    4. Compare siblings with cousins

  4. Simon and Binet developed their first intelligent test with the goal to

    1. Determine the cause of intelligence

    2. Determine the future of children with high intelligence

    3. Separate children with normal intelligence with those having sub normal intelligence

    4. All of the above

  5. Consider the following statements:

    1. Although IQs are relatively stable for most people after the age of seven, some individuals do show large shift in IQ.

    2. If there are major changes in environmental conditions and in the opportunities for learning, there may be marked changed in tested intelligence.

    3. Emotional and motivational factors appear to be major variables in cases where there are large changes in IQ in individuals children.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. Consider the following: Deepu and Bijoy are boys with virtually identical IQs. Both are in the Fine Arts College and being trained in classical music. Deepu ranks first in the examination, but Bijoy remains a mediocre. Which of the two factors listed below are most important for the difference in achievement levels of Deepu and Bijoy?

    1. Personality traits

    2. The need to achieve

    3. Aptitude

    4. Training received

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 4

  7. To determine the suitability of a particular person for a specific job, he should be assessed with the help of

    1. Achievement test

    2. Intelligence test

    3. Aptitude test

    4. Personality test

  8. Consider the following tests:

    1. Digit Span

    2. Digit Symbol

    3. Object Assembly

    4. Memory

    5. Picture Arrangement

    The tests included in the Performance

    Scale of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale are

    1. 1, 2 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 5

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 3 and 5

  9. Test norms give information about

    1. The distribution of scores made by specified groups

    2. The relative position of any single score

    3. The interpretation of a single score

    4. All of the above

  10. Which one of the following describes a mild case of mental retardation? When a person can

    1. Achieve an intellectual level comparable to a sixteen-year old person

    2. Work in skill areas with some supervision

    3. Care for himself in basic hygiene areas but cannot do much more on his own

    4. Only use limited vocabulary

  11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Key Concept) List-II (Theory)
    1. Reinforcement

    2. Self-actualisation

    3. Modelling

    4. Social-cultural forces

    1. Life Cycle

    2. Social learning

    3. Phenomenology

    4. Learning theory

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  12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Concepts) List-II (Mental Strategies)
    1. Repression

    2. Sublimation

    3. Rationalization

    4. Projection

    1. Substituting ‘good’ reasons for ‘bad’ ones in order to make one's behaviour appear more ethical than it really is

    2. Pushing of unacceptable impulses back into unconscious region

    3. The expression of an unacceptable impulse in a socialized form

    4. Putting the responsibilities of negative personal characteristics to something other than self

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
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  13. Abraham Lincoln's personality was dominated by a basic trait of ‘honesty’ which is a

    1. Surface trait

    2. Source trait

    3. Cardinal trait

    4. Central trait

  14. Consider the following statements: An authoritarian personality may possess the diametrically opposite characteristics of aggression and submission. This can be explained by

    1. balance theory

    2. congruity theory

    3. cognitive dissociation theory

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  15. According to psychoanalytic theory, the basic elements of personality are id, ego and super-ego. These three are respectively represented as

    1. Biological, psychological and social dimensions

    2. Unconscious, conscious and selfidentity dimensions

    3. Oral stage, latency period and genital stage

    4. Preconscious, subconscious and unconscious