Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 17 of 68)

  1. Which of the following is the salient characteristic of a person with high achievement motivation?

    1. High risk taking capacity and driven by strong desire to achieve

    2. Moderate risk taking capacity and driven by strong desire to achieve

    3. High desire to achieve and low risk taking capacity

    4. Low risk taking capacity and moderate desire to achieve

  2. Fear of failure leads to

    1. Inhibition of achievement oriented behaviour

    2. Greater accomplishment

    3. Heightened expression of risk taking behaviour

    4. Realization of attainable goals

  3. The trait and type approaches to personality are always differentiated on the ground that they are respectively based on

    1. Psychological and cultural references

    2. Genetic and family references

    3. Biophysical and biosocial references

    4. Physiological and psychosocial references

  4. Who among the following personality theorists does NOT stress the person's own history?

    1. Jung

    2. Sheldon

    3. Erickson

    4. Maslow

  5. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

      • Mesomorph
      • Ketotonia
      • Endomorph
      • Viscerotonia
      • Ectomorph
      • Cerebrotonia
      • Eurymorph
      • Somatonia

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 4

  6. Which of the following concepts had made major contributions to dynamic approach to personality?

    1. Superego

    2. Social cognition

    3. Psychosexual development

    4. Unconscious impulses

    5. Repression

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 4 and 5

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3, 4 and 5

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 5

  7. Which one of the following is the key concept in Bandura's theory?

    1. Self-defence and self-actualization

    2. Self-reinforcement and self-defence

    3. Self-actualization and self-efficiency

    4. Self-efficacy and self-reinforcement

  8. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched:

      • Motivation is an expression of unconscious wish
      • Psychoanalytic
      • Motivation is search for self-realisation
      • Cognitive approach
      • Motivation comes into process because of perceptual defences
      • Humanistic approach
      • Motivation arises from internal physiological imbalance
      • Homeostatic approach

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  9. Consider the following stages of development:

    1. Industry Vs. Inferiority

    2. Initiative Vs. Guilt

    3. Integrity Vs. Despair

    4. Intimacy Vs. Isolation

    According to Erickson, the correct sequence of these stage would be

    1. 1, 2, 3, 4

    2. 2, 1, 4, 3

    3. 4, 2, 1, 3

    4. 2, 4, 3, 1

  10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Tests) List-II (Authors)
    1. 16 personality factors questionnaire

    2. Picture frustration test

    3. Thematic apperception test

    4. PEN

    1. Eysenck

    2. Murray

    3. Cattell

    4. Rosenzweig

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  11. Which one of the following is NOT a dimension in a five-factor model of personality?

    1. Conscientiousness

    2. Neuroticism

    3. Psychotoicism

    4. Openness to experience

  12. The theory that workers are motivated to match their inputs and outcomes with those fellow workers who are in similar positions is called

    1. Expectancy theory

    2. Equity theory

    3. Content theory

    4. Process theory

  13. Hardy persons differ from others in that they have a higher level of

    1. Commitment

    2. Rigidity

    3. Adjustment

    4. Optimism

  14. Match List-I (Defence mechanism) with List-II (Descriptions) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Repression

    2. Denial

    3. Rationalisation

    4. Compensation

    1. Refusing to accept the reality

    2. Motivated forgetting

    3. Counter-balancing a shortcoming in some other trait or ability

    4. Generating excuses

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  15. Which of the following strategies do the optimists use in coping with stress?

    1. Problem focused coping

    2. Suppressing competition

    3. Seeking social support

    4. Focusing on the expression of feelings

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 1, 3 and 4