Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 22 of 68)

  1. Which of the following psychological principles/paradigms would NOT be applicable in management of intergroup conflict?

    1. Principle of norm violation

    2. Principle of relative deprivation

    3. Minimal group paradigm

    4. Social inhibition paradigm

  2. Which one of the following statements is NOT true of programmed learning?

    1. The learner does not get immediate feedback

    2. Information is presented in a logical sequence

    3. The learner is involved in making an active response to each unit

    4. Programmes are designed to get the learner to perform in a very specific way

  3. Consider the following statements: Health psychology assumes that

    1. certain behaviours increase the risk of certain chronic diseases

    2. changes in behaviours can reduce the risk of certain diseases

    3. changing behaviour is often easier and safer than treating many diseases

    4. behavioural interventions are comparatively cost-effective

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  4. Small groups of employees that voluntarily meet on a regular basis to discuss problems of production are called

    1. Brainstorming groups

    2. Quality circles

    3. Voluntary compliance group

    4. Participatory management groups

  5. Which one of the following is NOT an indicator of quality of life in an organizational set-up?

    1. Sense of respect for supervisors

    2. Employee security

    3. Absence of conflict within the organization

    4. Sense of self-esteem, challenge and independence

  6. Persons who are competitive, achievement-oriented, impatient and generally hostile/angry are said to have

    1. Type A personality

    2. Type B personality

    3. Type C personality

    4. Authoritarian personality

  7. It is observed that passengers standing in a crowded bus tend to keep close to the exit door rather than moving inside. This happens because generally people want to

    1. Be ahead of others

    2. Have a sense of personal control

    3. Protect their selfish interests

    4. Have freedom of choice

  8. Consider the following psychological processes/principles:

    1. Novelty

    2. Ego involvement

    3. Zeigamik effect

    4. Familiarity

    Application of which of these process/principles would constitute the basis of effective T. V. Commercials?

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

    • Assertion (A): Out of the five correlation coefficients, 0.80, 0.70, 0.50 and 0.00 and-0.20, between X and Y variables, the strongest relationship is indicated by a correlation coefficient of 0.7.
    • Reason (R): The correlation coefficient of 0.70 indicates that as X increases, Y also tends to increase.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Children separated from their parents during early childhood may not form secure attachment and may experience emotional disturbance.
    • Reason (R): Bowlby's ethological theory suggests that infants are born with attachment facilitating behaviours which elicit adults attention and caregiving. The forms the basis for reciprocal attachment.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The moon seems much larger when it is just over the horizon than when it is seen in the elevation at the zenith.
    • Reason (R): A cue for an object's perceived size is the ratio of the size of its retinal image to that of a neighbouring object which can serve as a frame of reference.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Much of the socialization training received by young people concerns acceptable ways expressing drive states.
    • Reason (R): People learn to work toward specific goals that do not in themselves directly satisfy biological needs.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In the serial position curve, maximum items are remembered from the middle of the list.
    • Reason (R): The primacy and the recency effects explain the nature of serial position curve.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Language development is dependent on certain cognitive information, processing and multinational disposition.
    • Reason (R): Language is also acquired through imitation of models.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Indian studies highlight the role of cultural factors in individual differences in language and communication skills.
    • Reason (R): Children from different environments tend to differ in their conception of language resulting in expressive and referential styles of acquisition.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true