Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 23 of 68)

    • Assertion (A): Limbic system is a group of structures in the cardiovascular region.
    • Reason (R): Limbic system is involved in the expression of motivation and emotion.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Key phrases) List-II (Theorists)
    1. Habit strength

    2. Trial and error

    3. Contiguity

    4. Contingencies

    1. E L Thorndike

    2. I P Pavlov

    3. C L Hull

    4. B F Skinner

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
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      • 3
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      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
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      • 2
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  2. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Definition) List-II (Types of forgetting)
    1. Forgetting of involved events prior to the trauma

    2. Abnormality due to presence of neurofibrillary tangles in the brain

    3. Severe memory loss over the age of 65

    4. Forgetting of involved events subsequent to the trauma

    1. Anterograde amnesia

    2. Senile dementia

    3. Alzeimer's disease

    4. Retrograde amnesia

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
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      • 2
      • 1
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      • 2
      • 1
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      • 1
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  3. Which of the following are the components of the Atkinson-Shiffrin model?

    1. Short term storage

    2. Address register

    3. Long term storage

    4. Sensory register

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  4. Interference theory of forgetting proposes two processes through which interference produces a detrimental effect on memory. These processes are

    1. Unlearning and response similarity

    2. Response chaining and response competition

    3. Response similarity and response chaining

    4. Response competition and unlearning

  5. Which one of the following was propounded by Waugh and Norman as a model of short term memory?

    1. Single process model

    2. Dual process model

    3. Simultaneous processing model

    4. Multifactor method

  6. Consider the following statements: Episodic memories

    1. are experienced as having occurred at a unique time

    2. are remembered as series of events

    3. are remembered as a highly veridical record of the episode, although this may not be so

    4. require no conscious effort to retrieve and appear involuntarily which of the above statements are correct?

      1. 1 and 4

      2. 1, 2 and 3

      3. 2, 3 and 4

      4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  7. Which one of the following is the correct sequence involved in the memory process?

    1. Retrieval, recognition, learning and retention

    2. Learning, retention, recognition and retrieval

    3. Learning, retention, retrieval and recognition

    4. Recognition, learning, retention and retrieval

  8. In the short-term memory experiment of Peterson and Peterson, recall is a

    1. Linearly increasing function of time interval

    2. Linearly decreasing function of time interval

    3. Positively accelerating function of time interval

    4. Negatively accelerating function of time interval

  9. Who among the following is known for his work on reconstruction memory?

    1. F C Bartlett

    2. A Pavio

    3. H Ebbinghaus

    4. B J Underwood

  10. Which one of the following provides correct description of the term ‘flashbulb memories’

    1. Vivid memory of what happens to us all of a sudden

    2. Memories of what we are doing at the time of an emotion-provoking event

    3. Remembering a thing of past experiences by certain current revelation

    4. Memory occurring in the most tranquil moments of life at once

  11. Generally, institutionalized children show a slower rate of language development compared to those growing up in normal home conditions. This is most likely because the institutionalized children have

    1. Somewhat lower IQ scores than normal children scores

    2. Relative deprivation of social reinforcement

    3. Low level of cognitive development often limited to the concrete preoperational stage

    4. Abstracting the rules of language

  12. Consider the following statements about Noam Chomsky:

    1. He called himself a Cartesian linguist.

    2. He analyzed syntax.

    3. He wrote about transformational grammar.

    4. He developed an artificial language called Yerkish.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  13. Prosodic cues such as stress, pitch, pause and intonation play an important role in language perception. These are called

    1. Social factors

    2. Semantic factors

    3. Metalinguistic factors

    4. Suprasegmental factors

  14. Match List-I (Component of language) with List-II (Nature of linguistic cues) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Phonological

    2. Semantic

    3. Syntactic

    4. Pragmatic

    1. Sound

    2. Contextual

    3. Structural

    4. Meaning

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
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      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
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      • 3
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      • 1
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      • 1
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      • 3
      • 2