Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 24 of 68)

  1. When a mental set retards thinking by offering inappropriate solutions, it is a case of

    1. Rigidity

    2. Functional fixedness

    3. Negative transfer

    4. Negative bias

  2. Consider the following steps:

    1. Verification

    2. Rules generation

    3. Falsification

    4. Revision

    The correct sequence of these steps in inductive reasoning is

    1. 1, 2, 3, 4

    2. 2, 1, 3, 4

    3. 4, 1, 3, 2

    4. 2, 3, 4, 1

  3. The heritability estimate for intelligence, according to Jensen is between

    1. 0.10 to 0.25

    2. 0.30 to 0.40

    3. 0.60 to 0.80

    4. 0.90 to 0.95

  4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Theory of intelligence) List-II (Theorist)
    1. Two factor theory

    2. Group factor theory

    3. Structure of intellect

    4. Crystallised intelligence

    1. Guilford

    2. Cattell

    3. Spearman

    4. Thompson

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
  5. The Seashore test is used to measure

    1. Clerical aptitude

    2. Musical aptitude

    3. Mechanical aptitude

    4. Differential aptitude

  6. A six-year old girl has a ‘mental age’ of seven and half years. Her I. Q. Would be

    1. 150

    2. 125

    3. 100

    4. 75

  7. Binet tests were designed to

    1. Identify brain damage in children

    2. Find out whether intelligence increases with age

    3. Identify children who could not benefit from ordinary classroom teaching

    4. Measure levels of critical thinking

  8. Mr. Lalit Kumar, while participating in a T-group training produced a large number of solutions to a given problem. Mr. Lalit Kumar is high on

    1. Emotional intelligence

    2. Convergent thinking

    3. Divergent thinking

    4. Practical intelligence

  9. Consider the following statements: Generally mental retardation can occur due to

    1. genetic abnormalities

    2. injury to brain before or after birth

    3. extreme environmental deprivation

    4. familial conflicts

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  10. The two components, intrapersonal ability and interpersonal ability, are most closely linked to

    1. Thurstone's multifactor theory of intelligence

    2. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence

    3. Eysenck's three-dimensional theory of personality

    4. Costa and McGrae's five-factor model of personality

  11. Which one set of the following is the correct sequence of motivational cycle?

    1. Goal-directed behaviour, attainment of goal, drive state and subjective satisfaction

    2. Drive state, subjective satisfaction, attainment of goal and goal-directed behaviour

    3. Drive state, goal-directed behaviour, attainment of goal and subjective satisfaction

    4. Goal-directed behaviour, drive state, subjective satisfaction and attainment of goal

  12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Concept) List-II (Theorist associated)
    1. Aggressive instinct

    2. Needs hierarchy

    3. Achievement motivation

    4. Frustration-aggression hypothesis

    1. Miller and Dollard

    2. S Freud

    3. A Maslow

    4. D McClelland

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  13. In the familiar carrot and stick notion, which one of the following theories of motivation focuses more directly on the carrot?

    1. Equity theory

    2. Arousal theory

    3. Expectancy theory

    4. Need hierarchy theory

  14. In Robert Plutchik's descriptive theory of basic emotions, the relationship between emotions is differentiated by

    1. Intensity and proximity

    2. Intensity, similarity and polarity

    3. Intensity, similarity and proximity

    4. Similarity and proximity

  15. According to Alfred Adler, the master motive underlying human behaviour is

    1. Sex

    2. Aggression

    3. Power

    4. Superiority