Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 28 of 68)

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Developmental stage) List-II (Thinking style)
    1. Sensorimotor

    2. Pre-operational

    3. Concrete operational

    4. Formal operational

    1. Object performance

    2. Egocentric thought

    3. Abstract reasoning

    4. Conservation, reversibility

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  2. Consider the following stages of development:

    1. Phallic stage

    2. Anal stage

    3. Oral stages

    The correct sequence of these development is

    1. 3, 2, 1

    2. 2, 3, 1

    3. 1, 3, 2

    4. 2, 1, 3

  3. If certain experience occur during specified periods, they will have unusual and lasting effects. This is generally called

    1. Critical stage model

    2. J-curve hypothesis

    3. Critical period hypothesis

    4. Inverted ‘U’ hypothesis

  4. According to Fiedler contingency model of leadership the most favourable conditions for effective leadership are

    1. Good relationship, unstructured tasks and moderate degree of power

    2. Good relationship, unstructured task and high degree of power

    3. Moderate relationship, structured tasks and high degree of power

    4. Good relationships, structured tasks and high degree of power

  5. Which one of the technique in stimulation seeks to utilize micro-teaching method as a means of finding out the solution assigned to the role-players?

    1. Role perception

    2. Role seeking

    3. Socio-drama

    4. Gaming

  6. Consider the following statements regarding consultation technique:

    1. The relationship is voluntary

    2. It rarely depends on the formal technique of education

    3. Relationship is time-limited

    4. It does not have a clear onset and termination.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2 and 4

  7. Which one of the following is NOT an effect of meditation?

    1. Decrease in alpha wave

    2. Hypo-metabolic state

    3. Decrease in carbon dioxide elimination

    4. Decrease in blood lactate level

  8. Which one of the following is the correct posture (asana) for the relaxation of body and mind?

    1. Padmasana

    2. Vajrasana

    3. Bhujangasana

    4. Savasana

  9. Rushhy (1979) used a four paradigm classification of computer assisted learning (CAL). Which one is NOT the paradigm as suggested by Rushhy?

    1. The instructional paradigm

    2. The revelatory paradigm

    3. The conjectural paradigm

    4. The anticipatory paradigm

    • Assertion (A): Experimental method as compared to other research methods employed in psychology, is best suited for studying cause and effect relationships.
    • Reason (R): The effect of the variables, other than the independent variable, is efficiently controlled in experimental method.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): A child reared in a family having schizophrenic parents always develops schizophrenia.
    • Reason (R): Stressful environment during development increases chances of psychological disorders in children.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The scores obtained by psychological tests are usually associated with some random errors of measurement.
    • Reason (R): Psychological tests usually are not perfectly reliable.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Inferiority complex is a form of self-criticism usually involving fear of social disapproval.
    • Reason (R): It is prevalent among individuals who do not attribute their failure to obtain life objectives to personal inadequacies.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The forebrain is assumed to be the seat of intelligence.
    • Reason (R): The forebrain structures control affective and cognitive behaviour.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): A child who understands that stealing is bad will not steal in real life.
    • Reason (R): Kohlberg's theory says that stages of moral development require that certain cognitive development has already taken place.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true