Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 33 of 68)

  1. A child uses abusive language. Father decides than on days when the son would use abusive language he will not be given sweets after the dinner. Which one of the following procedures is used by the father?

    1. Non discriminative escape conditioning

    2. Non discriminative avoidance conditioning

    3. Omission instrumental conditioning

    4. Aversive instrumental conditioning

  2. In experiments with animals when the amount of reinforcement increases, the performance in relation to conditioning is found to have

    1. Positively accelerated function

    2. Negatively accelerated function

    3. Inverted U type function

    4. Constant function

  3. An inhibition in perceiving a new use of an object previously associated with some other purposes is known as

    1. Functionalism

    2. Functional psychosis

    3. Functional attribution error

    4. Functional fixedness

  4. What would you like to focus on to train personnel for jobs requiring greater vigilance like military and industrial inspection or monitoring electronic equipment to read a patient's life signals during surgery?

    1. Signal-conspicuity

    2. Event

    3. Feed-back

    4. Signal duration

  5. Segall, Campbell and Herskovits proposed that perceptual illusion (such as the Mueller Lyer illusion) may be large or small depending on the geometrically designed environment where people live. This idea was called

    1. Misapplied constancy

    2. Veridical perception

    3. The carpentered world

    4. Ecological validation

  6. Field independence refers to

    1. A personality dimension which reflects a person's preference for depending on external sources of information in perceptual situation

    2. Reflection of person's preference for depending on internal sources of information in perceptual situation

    3. Social orientation which reflects a person's dependence on society

    4. Cluster of information arising from the field surrounding the perceiver

  7. In the experiments on size constancy, different conditions are used. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the following conditions in the decreasing order of the constancy values?

    1. Monocular with tunnel-Monocular with artificial pupil-Monocular-Binocular

    2. Binocular-Monocular-Monocular with artificial pupil-Monocular with tunnel

    3. Monocular with tunnel-Binocular-Monocular with artificial pupil-Monocular

    4. Binocular-Monocular with tunnel-Monocular with artificial pupil-Monocular

  8. Which of the following properties of objects influence depth perception as a monocular cue?

    1. Clearness

    2. Linear perspective

    3. Texture

    4. Light and shadow

    5. Inter position

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

    3. 1, 4 and 5

    4. 2, 3 and 5

  9. The perceived size of an after image is directly proportional to the distance of the surface on which the after image is viewed. This is known as

    1. Sander's law

    2. Emmert's law

    3. Weber's law

    4. Herring's law

  10. Which of the following are included in the Gestalt principles of perceptual organization?

    1. Figure ground, proximity, continuity

    2. Proximity, continuity, good form

    3. Continuity, good form, closure

    4. Good form, closure, facilitation

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 2 and 3

  11. Technique used to measure ‘filtering’ and channel switching is known as

    1. Attenuation

    2. Shadowing

    3. Match bands

    4. Imagery

  12. Consider the following statements: When a percept is formed by combing small pieces of information from the environment, working from minor details towards a higher level percept, the process involved are

    1. bottom-up

    2. top-down

    3. data-driven process

    4. stimulus-driven process

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 1 and 3

  13. Consider the following statements: Moral understanding in a child of 5 years of age is limited because of their

    1. cognitive immaturity

    2. belief in immanent justice.

    3. belief in absolution of moral perspective.

    4. ability to lay importance on intentions rather than on consequences.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  14. In order of their importance in influencing the child, arrange the following levels of the child's environment in an ascending order, as given by the ecological approach:

    1. Mesosystem-exo system-micro system-macro system

    2. Micro system-exo system-Mesosystem-macro system

    3. Micro system-Mesosystem-exo system-macro system

    4. Mesosystem-micro system-macro system-exo system

  15. A general tendency to attribute one's own success to internal factors and to attribute failure to external factors such as chance or a particular situation is known as

    1. Personal bias

    2. Social bias

    3. Situational bias

    4. Self-serving bias