Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 35 of 68)

  1. Which of the following is/are instincts?

    1. Anxiety and depression

    2. Ego and superego

    3. Id and ego

    4. Errors and thanatos

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 4 only

  2. When a task is relatively simple, the optimum level of arousal will be high. When a task is more complex, the best performance occurs at lower levels of arousal what is this relationship called?

    1. Weber's law

    2. M'Naghten Rule

    3. Yerkes-Dodson Rule

    4. Inverted U function

  3. According to McClelland's theory of achievement motivation, which of the following factors are associated as antecedents of high achievement motivation?

    1. Independence training in child rearing

    2. A developed economy

    3. Training for high risk-taking

    4. training for high affiliation

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 3 only

    4. 2 and 4

  4. Which of the following are the manifestations of need for power motivation?

    1. Impulsive and aggressive behaviour.

    2. Participation in competitive situations.

    3. Associating people who are not particularly popular with others.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  5. Match List-I (Motive) with List-II (Accompanying Emotion) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Escape

    2. Accomplishment

    3. Cooperation

    4. Competition

    1. Happiness

    2. Envy

    3. Gratitude

    4. Fear

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  6. Which one of the following statements is not correct for the primary emotions?

    1. They have innate neural basis.

    2. They are universally expressed

    3. They are culture specific

    4. They are linked functionally to the temporal limbic regions.

  7. In which of the following children, did McClelland find stronger preference for intermediate risk task?

    1. Children with no achievement need

    2. Children with low achievement need

    3. Children with moderate achievement need

    4. Children with high achievement need

  8. Albert Bandura refers to the interaction of thoughts, behaviour, & the environment in the shaping of personality as

    1. Self-efficiency

    2. Reciprocal determinism

    3. Self-monitoring

    4. The eternal triad

  9. A decrease in motivation as a result of external rewards goes against

    1. Herzberg's theory of work motivation

    2. Murray's motivational theory of personality

    3. McClelland's achievement motivation theory

    4. Maslow's motivational theory of personality

  10. In a research study on personality when we attempt to arrive at principles of behaviour and apply it to a larger group of people, or generalize it to the whole population, by making comparisons with norms of behaviour, then this type of research is based on

    1. Idiographic approach

    2. Cross-cultural research approach

    3. Nomothetic approach

    4. Cross-sectional research approach

  11. In Cattell's view, which of the following are major sources of data about personality?

    1. a-data

    2. Q-data

    3. T-data

    4. P-data

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  12. Mr. Subhash is a repressed personality dominated by his mother. However, in order to protect his ego, he channelises his energies to become a creative artist. The defence mechanism adopted by Mr. Subhash is

    1. Intellectualization

    2. Rationalization

    3. Sublimation

    4. Displacement

  13. Match List-I (Concept) with List-II (Psychologist) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Collective Unconscious

    2. Defense mechanism

    3. Inferiority complex

    4. Vicarious reinforcement

    1. Adler

    2. Bandura

    3. Freud

    4. Jung

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
  14. When stress is described as a part of a complex and dynamic system of ‘give and take’ between the person and the environment, it reflects

    1. Transactional perspective

    2. Relational perspective

    3. Humanistic orientation

    4. Behaviouristic orientation

  15. Karen Henry proposed that the neurotic needs may be classified as moving towards, moving away from or moving against people. Which of the following underlying these three?

    1. Love

    2. Independence

    3. Power

    4. inferiority

    5. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

      1. 1, 2 and 4

      2. 1, 2 and 3

      3. 2, 3 and 4

      4. 1, 3 and 4