Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 37 of 68)

  1. Match List-I (Concept) with List-II (Explanation) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Identity Achievement

    2. Foreclosure

    3. Diffusion

    4. Moratorium

    1. Commitment without crisis

    2. Commitment after crisis

    3. No crisis, no commitment

    4. Crisis but lack of commitment

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
  2. When a patient develops maladaptive habits, and the key focus of psychotherapy is on changing specific observable response pattern identified as a problem, the therapy is known as

    1. Psychoanalytic therapy

    2. Behaviour therapy

    3. Humanistic therapy

    4. Family therapy

  3. Which one of the following statements is correct? Several research studies have shown that the relationship between stress and stressors is

    1. Linear

    2. Indeterminate

    3. Curvilinear

    4. Negative

  4. Which of the following drives originate from the organic needs of the body and are important for the survival of the individual?

    1. Psychogenic

    2. Biogenic

    3. Sociogenic

    4. Safety

  5. Cultural relativism holds that all moral codes are valid

    1. Universally

    2. Internally

    3. Equally

    4. Externally

  6. When individuals exert less effort in a group than they would when working alone, this may be due to which of the following?

    1. Social facilitation

    2. Diffusion of responsibility

    3. Social loafing

    4. Social responsibility

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 or 2

    2. 2 or 3

    3. 2 or 4

    4. 3 or 4

  7. The process by which individuals are somehow induced to say or do things which are not in consonance with their true attitudes is known as

    1. Conditioning

    2. Forced compliance

    3. Dissonance

    4. Avoidance

  8. The belief that one's own country or culture is superior to all other countries or cultures relates to the concept of

    1. Individualism

    2. Collectivism

    3. Ethnocentrism

    4. Stereotype

  9. Match List-I (Person) with List-II (Concept) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Osgood

    2. Festinger

    3. Fishbein

    4. Bandura

    1. Behavioural intention

    2. Social learning

    3. Semantic differential

    4. Dissonance

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
  10. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given steps in attitude change?

    1. Compliance-identification-internalization

    2. Internalization-identification-compliance

    3. Identification-compliance-internalization

    4. Internalization-compliance-identification

  11. Characteristics that serve to organize an impression of another person and provide a framework for interpreting other information about that person refers to

    1. Central traits

    2. Cardinal traits

    3. Peripheral traits

    4. Personality traits

  12. The tendency to perceive members of outgroup as more similar to one another than the members of one's own in group is found to show

    1. Illusion of out-group homogeneity

    2. Illusory

    3. Illusion of in-group differentiation

    4. Illusion of inter-group differentiation

  13. Which one of the following groups is attributed to internal causes?

    1. Low consensus, high consistency, high distinctiveness

    2. Low consensus, high consistency, low distinctiveness

    3. High consensus, high consistency, high distinctiveness

    4. Low consensus, low consistency, low distinctiveness

  14. Which one of the following statements is correct? Impression management refers to

    1. Efforts by individuals to present themselves in the most favourable light to others.

    2. Coordinating of various bits of information into a general integrated impression

    3. Efforts by individuals to please others with good conversation

    4. Efforts by individuals to help others in need.

  15. In an experiment a participant gazes at a lighted area of a particular brightness. The intensity of the light is then raised or lowered until the participant reports a noticeable difference. Such an experiment would come under

    1. Experimental physiology

    2. Psychophysics

    3. Mind-body problem

    4. Study of mental alertness