Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 40 of 68)

  1. A student of high abilities has to appear in the examination. His father was very apprehensive of his success in the examination. The student failed to utilize his full potential in learning the lessons and showed poor performance in the examination. Which of the following is/are the reason (s) for his poor performance?

    1. Lack of motivation

    2. Anxiety

    3. Fear of failure

    4. Overestimation by parents

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 only

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  2. Which of the following factors affect the shape of the generalization gradient?

    1. Magnitude of stimuli

    2. Approach versus avoidance situation

    3. Intensity of aversive stimulation

    4. Schedule of reinforcement

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  3. McClelland measured the need for achievement by asking participants to

    1. Write short autobiographies

    2. Complete questionnaires

    3. Interpret a set of inkblots

    4. Make short stories about a set of pictures

  4. Which one of the following statements can be considered to be the best definition of personality?

    1. Sum total of all biological innate dispositions

    2. Dynamic organization of psychophysical systems

    3. Habit system of social importance that are stable

    4. Personal characteristics and specific qualities

  5. McGovern has given the following four types of transfer of learning paradigms:

    1. A-B, A-D

    2. A-B, A-B

    3. A-B, C-D

    4. A-B, C-B which one of the following is the correct sequence of the paradigms given above in order of increasing negative transfer?

      1. 3 − 1 − 4 − 2

      2. 2 − 1 − 4 − 3

      3. 3 − 4 − 1 − 2

      4. 2 − 4 − 1 − 3

  6. Which of the following Mnemonics are used for improvement of memory?

    1. Imagery

    2. Method of loci

    3. Organization

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  7. What kind of code is/are used for items stored in short term memory?

    1. Visual code

    2. Semantic code

    3. Acoustic code

    4. All of the above

  8. Emotional intelligence as personality characteristic requires people to have which of the following abilities?

    1. Ability to handle anger

    2. Ability to manage anxiety

    3. Ability to understand others feelings

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  9. A four-year child is attractive, friendly, always laughing and in good humour. However, her mental age is much below her chronological age group, sleeps very little and walks with jerky movements. Which one syndrome does the child suffer from?

    1. Tourette's syndrome

    2. Angleman syndrome

    3. Fragile X syndrome

    4. Down's syndrome

  10. The Wechsler intelligence Scale has been designed with which of the following criteria?

    1. Accepting the theory of a general factor

    2. Using both the verbal and non-verbal materials

    3. Age-Scale

    4. Point-Scale

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  11. Match List-I (Unit of Intelligence) with List-II (Name of Test of Intelligence) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Percentile norms

    2. Mental Age

    3. Deviation IQ

    4. Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

    1. Wechsler's Adult Intelligence Scale (1955)

    2. Indian Binet Performance Point Scale of Intelligence (C. H. Rice, 1922)

    3. Terman-Merrill Standford Revision-1960 (L and M Forms)

    4. Raven's Progressive Matrices

    5. Army General Classification

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 5
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
  12. An intelligence test is considered culturally biased if

    1. Ethnic and racial questions are excluded from the test

    2. When all factors are held constant, the content of the test is more difficult for one group than it is for another groups

    3. It is administered by someone who is prejudices towards cultural groups

    4. Someone with a culturally impoverished background is required to take the test

  13. In Piaget's theory, what is the modification of existing knowledge structures as a result of exposure to new information known as?

    1. Accommodation

    2. Manipulation

    3. Conservation

    4. Assimilation

  14. Which of the following procedures are useful in the process of problem solving?

    1. Algorithms

    2. Heuristics

    3. Subgoaling

    4. Restructuring

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  15. According to Perkins, which one of the following is not included in creative invention?

    1. Directed remembering

    2. Noticing

    3. Unconscious processing

    4. Contrary recognition