Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 45 of 68)

  1. Which is the correct sequence of encoding a new word for transfer to long-term memory?

    1. Conceptual category

    2. Physical attributes

    3. Semantic features

    4. Acoustic quality

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 − 4 − 2 − 1

    2. 2 − 1 − 3 − 4

    3. 3 − 1 − 2 − 4

    4. 2 − 4 − 3 − 1

  2. Match List-I (Type of Intelligence) with List-II (Description) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Fluid intelligence

    2. Crystallised intelligence

    3. ‘g’ factor

    4. ‘s’ factor

    1. Broad cognitive ability

    2. Involves reasoning & concept formation

    3. Involves previously learned information

    4. Special interest

    5. Specific ability

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 5
      • 5
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 5
  3. Which of the following abilities are included in the Thurstone's primary mental abilities test?

    1. Verbal comprehension

    2. Similarities

    3. Digit span

    4. Perceptual speed

    5. Reasoning

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 2, 3 and 4 only

    2. 1, 3 and 5 only

    3. 1, 4 and 5 only

    4. 2, 4 and 5 only

  4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Job Analysis Method) List-II (Description)
    1. Observation method

    2. Diary method

    3. Technical conference method

    4. Structured questionnaire method

    1. Analysis of daily records

    2. Reviewing films of jobs

    3. Ranking due items

    4. Job characteristics obtained from experts

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  5. A person who traveled away from home to his customary workplace was unable to recall his identity and settled in a new place. One day he abruptly woke up, was mystified and distressed at being in a strange place. As a consequence of stress what does he suffer from?

    1. Dissociative amnesia

    2. Dissociative fugue

    3. Dissociative identity disorder

    4. Depersonalization

  6. What is the level of the brain where sensory information is processed (decoded) as a threat or a non-threat and where cognition takes place?

    1. Neo-cortex

    2. Hypothalamus

    3. Thalamus

    4. Septal area

  7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Behaviour) List-II (Coping Strategy)
    1. Taking leave

    2. Devoting fully to work

    3. Thinking that job is not everything

    4. Thinking of positive outcomes while performing demanding tasks

    1. Cognitive approach

    2. Behavioural avoidance

    3. Cognitive avoidance

    4. Behavioural approach

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  8. Which one of the following refers most appropriately to the concept of psychological stress?

    1. Perception of a problematic or demanding situation

    2. Behavioural changes resulting from demanding situation

    3. A disturbed psycho-physiological state of the person

    4. Physiological changes in the body

  9. Which one of the following sets is the correct sequence involved in role efficacy?

    1. Centrality-integration-proactivity-creativity

    2. Proactivity-integration-creativity-centrality

    3. Integration-proactivity-creativity-centrality

    4. Creativity-integration-centrality-proactivity

  10. Which one of the following graphical representations best explains the Yerkes-Dodson principle?

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

  11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Concept Related with Stress) List-II (Description of the Concept)
    1. General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)

    2. Psychoneuro immunology (PNI)

    3. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

    4. Conflict

    1. A state that occurs when an individual must choose between two or more competing goals

    2. Typical series of responses to stressful situations that contains three stages of body's reaction in terms of alarm, resistance and exhaustion

    3. Which focuses on how the body defends itself against foreign substances & how psychological & physiological factors influence the immune system

    4. Set of symptoms that may follow deeply disturbing events; symptoms includes recalling the event, difficulty in concentrating, sleep disturbances, nervousness and guilt

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  12. One of the strategies to reduce conflict is to allow some conflict to surface; however it must be carefully contained by spelling out which issues are to be discussed and how they are to be resolved. The problems and procedures may be structured and representatives from the conflicting parties may be allowed to negotiate and bargain within the established structure. What is this strategy known as?

    1. Diffusion

    2. Confrontation

    3. Containment

    4. Transactional analysis

  13. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Sociogram
      • Moreno
      • Social a
      • Bogardus
      • Cognitive dissonance
      • Festinger
      • Semantic differential
      • Likert
  14. Which one of the following are effective strategies for combating prejudice?

    1. Establishing direct inter-group contact under appropriate conditions.

    2. Changing the boundaries between ingroups and out-groups

    3. Using legal measures

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3 only

  15. What is the process by which recent exposure to stimuli such as people, ideas or even mere words influence the interpretation of new information known as?

    1. Amnesia

    2. Script

    3. Impression-formation

    4. Priming