Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 48 of 68)

  1. A psychologist, interested in understanding the consequences of capital punishment, carefully and extensively observed, interviewed and administered the medical and psychological tests to the three criminals served with capital punishment. In which way can the research method employed be best labeled as?

    1. Naturalistic observation

    2. Psychometric method

    3. Survey method

    4. Case study method

  2. Consider the following statements:

    1. Random samples are more representatives.

    2. Random samples are cheap and easy to obtain.

    3. Random samples permit better generalization from sample to population.

    4. Random samples are drawn by lottery or equivalent method.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 4 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 1, 2 and 3 only

    4. 1, 3 and 4 only

  3. Which of the following tests are considered to be most useful in uncovering the unconscious determinants of behaviour?

    1. Rorschach test

    2. Word association technique

    3. Thematic apperception test

    4. NEO-Personality inventory

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 1, 2 and 3 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2 and 4 only

  4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Research method) List-II (Main Precaution for Valid Results)
    1. Experiment

    2. Naturalistic observation

    3. Survey

    4. Case study

    1. Inter-observer agreement

    2. Control group

    3. Generalization

    4. Sample size

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  5. Which one of the following methods is generally concerned with causal relationships?

    1. Field experiment

    2. Field study

    3. Field Survey

    4. Laboratory experiment

  6. A researcher, interest in studying the psychological functioning of the group, becomes a member of the group and lives with the group members for a stipulated time period. This is an example of which one of the following?

    1. Naturalistic observation

    2. Participant observation

    3. Scientific observation

    4. Controlled observation

  7. Which of the following psychologists often measure reaction time?

    1. Sports psychologists

    2. Social psychologists

    3. Educational psychologists

    4. Experimental psychologists

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 2, 3 and 4 only

  8. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

      • Personality
      • Organ of Corti
      • Memory
      • Proactive Interference
      • Perception
      • Oedipus Complex
      • Motivation
      • Phoneme
  9. What is the correct chronological sequence of the emergence of the following schools of psychology?

    1. Structuralism

    2. Behaviourism

    3. Functionalism

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 − 3 − 2

    2. 1 − 2 − 3

    3. 3 − 1 − 2

    4. 2 − 1 − 3

  10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Approach) List-II (Feature)
    1. Operationalism

    2. Behaviourism

    3. Dynamic Psychology

    4. Phenomenology

    1. Man is conscious and is capable of creative behaviour

    2. Appreciation of underlying unconscious determinants

    3. Emphasis on individual's perception

    4. Stimulus-response relationships

    5. Any hypothesis should be tested in terms of specific objective procedures

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 5
      • 5
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 5
      • 5
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
  11. Psychologists consider intelligence as which one of the following?

    1. Stimulus variable

    2. Behavioural variable

    3. Organismic variable

    4. Qualitative variable

  12. Which specific concept of psychology clearly explains that human beings are conscious and not just a bundle of habits?

    1. Insight

    2. Learning

    3. Observation

    4. Conditioning

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Statements) List-II (Approaches to Psychology)
    1. Reinforcement following behaviour and not motivation preceding it initiates behaviour

    2. Inner direction gives coherence as well as purpose to human action

    3. All actions are assumed to be motivated until proven otherwise

    4. There are genetic predispositions to engage in given behaviours at given times

    1. Dynamic Model

    2. Ethological Theory

    3. Humanistic Psychology

    4. Behaviouristic Psychology

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
  14. Which one of the following statements is not true about paradigms of instrumental conditioning?

    1. In training with reward, the response is produced

    2. In training with punishment, the response is withheld

    3. In training with discrimination, the response is produced

    4. In training with escape, the response is withheld

  15. Which one of the following branches of psychology deals with the studies of the behaviour of different species?

    1. Ecological Psychology

    2. Physiological Psychology

    3. Comparative Psychology

    4. Social Psychology