Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 54 of 68)

  1. Consider the following statements: Primary effects are stronger when

    1. category names are used

    2. there is visual similarity

    3. common abstract categories are involved

    4. prime and object belong to the same category

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 3 only

  2. In wartime, soldiers remain in camouflage using which one of the following principles of perception?

    1. Proximity

    2. Grouping

    3. Common fate

    4. Figure and ground

  3. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Type of Conditioning) List-II (Consequence)
    1. Delayed conditioning

    2. Trace conditioning

    3. Simultaneous conditioning

    4. Backward conditioning

    1. The CS is presented first and ends before the onset of the UCS

    2. The CS and UCS begin together

    3. The onset of UCS precedes the onset of the CS

    4. The CS is presented and continued at least until the onset of the UCS

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Concept) List-II (Explanation)
    1. Cognitive map

    2. Observational learning

    3. Behavioural modification

    4. Classical conditioning

    1. Seeing a violent film and hitting

    2. Acquisition of associations between stimuli and responses

    3. Mental representation of spatial locations and directions

    4. Promoting the frequency of desirable behaviours

    5. Learning to do a new activity in order to get a reward

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 2
      • 5
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 5
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
  5. Instrumental conditioning involves which one of the following?

    1. One-shot learning

    2. Incidental learning

    3. Trial and error learning

    4. Associative learning

  6. Which one of the following is mostly used in modelling technique?

    1. Cognitive therapy

    2. Training mentally retarded

    3. Assertiveness training

    4. Representing important features of any phenomenon

  7. A new behaviour is learned but is not shown until appropriate reinforcement is presented. This is an instance of which one of the following?

    1. Observational learning

    2. Latent learning

    3. Insightful learning

    4. Trial and error learning

  8. Principles of operant conditioning can be applied to which of the following?

    1. Precision teaching

    2. Computer assisted instruction

    3. Treating Anorexia Nervosa

    4. Solving socially significant issues in our communities

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  9. Which of the following are likely to be associated with the formation of memory traces in the brain?

    1. RNA

    2. DNA

    3. Newly generated neurons

    4. New dendritic growth

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  10. The neural mechanism for short-term memory is explained in terms of which one of the following?

    1. Hebbian synapse

    2. Reverberating circuits

    3. Phase sequences

    4. mRNA

  11. Consider the following statements: Forgetting can be explained as due to

    1. interference

    2. decay

    3. disuse

    4. lack of motivation

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 1, 2 and 3 only

    3. 2, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  12. We remember information best in an environment that is the same as or similar to where we initially learned it. What is this termed as?

    1. Episodic memory

    2. Encoding specificity

    3. Memory by experience

    4. Working memory

  13. Serial position effect in memory is least evident in which method of memory assessment?

    1. Free recall

    2. Serial recall

    3. Recognition

    4. Relearning

  14. Match List-1 with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Type of Memory) List-II (Process)
    1. Episodic memory

    2. Semantic memory

    3. Procedural memory

    4. Declarative memory

    1. Remembering how a task is done

    2. Store of knowledge and information

    3. Information store about personal experiences

    4. Remembering what happened

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  15. A person first prepared for his test in French and then learned Spanish. He found that he had difficulty in recalling the Spanish translation of a word because all he could think of was its French equivalent. This is the case of:

    1. Atrophy through disuse

    2. Spontaneous recovery

    3. Retroactive interference

    4. Proactive interference