Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 55 of 68)

  1. Which one of the following diagrams correctly depicts both ‘primacy effect’ and ‘recency effect’ in free recall (x-axis serial position; y-axis recall per cent)?

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

  2. Match List-I with List-If and select the correct answer

    List-I (Type of memory) List-II (Learning principle)
    1. Episodic memory

    2. Semantic memory

    3. Episodic-Semantic Memory

    4. Flashbulb memory

    1. Cognitive learning

    2. Insight learning

    3. Simple conditioning

    4. Instrumental conditioning

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  3. Consider the following measures of retention

    1. Recall

    2. Relearning

    3. Reconstruction

    4. Recognition

    The correct sequence in which thee measures are reported in studies is

    1. 1, 4, 2, 3

    2. 1, 4, 3, 2

    3. 4, 1, 2, 3

    4. 4, 1, 3, 2

  4. A student takes 20 trails to learn correctly, a list of 30 words. After 3 days, he takes 15 trials to relearn correctly the same list. The percentage of saving in learning is

    1. Percent 6.67

    2. Percent 25

    3. Percent 66.67

    4. Percent 75

  5. As a general rule, both proactive and retroactive inhibition tend to be maximal when two

    1. Similar stimuli are involved with same response

    2. different responses have been associated with the same stimulus

    3. dissimilar stimuli are associated with the same response

    4. similar responses have been associated with the same stimuli

  6. Match List-I (Factors causing forgetting) with List-II (Psychologists) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Lack of adequate retrieval cues

    2. Learned material to getting the opportunity to persevere and consolidate

    3. Single process of displacement of learned material

    4. Dual process of transfer for learned material from STM to LTM

    1. Atkinson and Sliffrin

    2. Craik and Lockhart

    3. Muller and Pilzecker

    4. Tulving

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  7. Match List-I (Visual information represented in memory) with List-Il (proponents) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. A functional role for quasi-pictorial mental representations

    2. Congnitive operations consist in the activation and manipulation internally by means of abstract propositions; have and visual images no independent functional role

    3. Propositional representations and pictorial representations do not have distinct properties from which distinct behavioral consequences can be predicted

    4. Imagery enhances recall

    1. ZW Pylyshyn

    2. JR Anderson

    3. A Paivio

    4. SM Kosslyn

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  8. Consider the following statements: Short-term memory is characterized by

    1. decay without rehearsal.

    2. semantic interference

    3. easy retrieval

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 1 and 3 are correct

    4. 2 and 3 are correct

  9. Which one of the following is used in the recall of stones?

    1. Theme

    2. Structure

    3. Narrative

    4. Schema

  10. Which of the following processes are involved in perception?

    1. Receptor process

    2. Symbiotic process

    3. Affective process

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  11. Which one of the following best attempts an explanation of colour vision?

    1. Young-Helmholtz theory

    2. Papez-Mclean theory

    3. James-Lange theory

    4. Yerkes-Donson Law

  12. Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from the given figure?

    1. Similar lines are grouped into one unit

    2. Lines are in different directions

    3. Proximity of lines makes it one unit

    4. Incomplete figures are seen as complete

  13. According to Gibson, texture gradients give us the most information about

    1. contour perception

    2. brightness perception

    3. depth perception

    4. from perception

  14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Nature of perceptual Phenomenon) List-II (The specific phenomenon)
    1. Stimulus-of one sensory system also experienced as stimulation of another sense/other senses

    2. A rapid succession of still images appearing at a slightly different position at a time interval gives the impression of moving object

    3. A clear, vivid and identical image of an object or event evoked after it has been experienced

    4. Apparent motion seen, when eye-head system is fixed on a particular stimulus and the body is in motion

    1. Eidetic imagery

    2. Sensory constancy

    3. Synesthesia

    4. Phiphenomenon

    5. Motion parallax

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  15. Which one of the following Brunswick's ratio values is found in the case of maximum perceptual constancy?

    1. 1

    2. 0.75

    3. 0.50

    4. 0.25