Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 57 of 68)

  1. Which of the following types of items are included in a test of creativity?

    1. Ingenuity

    2. Digit symbol

    3. Consequences

    4. Fable endings

    5. Patfern meanings

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2, 4 and 5

    2. 1, 2, 3 and 5

    3. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 3, 4 and 5

  2. If the length of a creativity test is increased by increasing the number of items in the test, then

    1. the reliability of the test would increased by increasing the test would remain unaffected

    2. the validity of the test would increase but the reliability of the test would remain unaffected

    3. both reliability and validity of the test would increase

    4. both reliability and validity of the test would remain unaffected

  3. It is found that persons behave consistently in the same fashion across time and situations. This is largely due to

    1. social pressures exerted on them

    2. their need to conform

    3. their stable personality dispositions

    4. role learning

  4. Consider the following statements regarding the genesis esis of personality theories: The personality theorists

    1. look their primary ideas from their clinical experiences.

    2. owed much to the medical profession and practice.

    3. rebelled against conventional ideas and methods of study.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 alone is correct

    2. 2 and 3 are correct

    3. 1 and 3 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

  5. Lewin emphasized that an understanding of psychological phenomena requires that the investigator be cognizant of the person's perceptions or phenomenology. According to him, stimuli have different meanings for different people and people behave in accordance with meanings which stimuli hold for them. Which one of the following is the best inference one could draw from this statements

    1. Personality can be understood by the goals an individual sets

    2. The behavior of an individual changes in regard to the arousal of tensions

    3. It is essential to understand an individual's mental structure along with his/her psychological field

    4. An individual's motivational level is dependent upon the meanings given to the stimuli

  6. The stage concept of personality development in Eriksson's conceptualization is based on the

    1. conflict between two distinct opposing tendencies in each stage

    2. change of societal view towards each stage

    3. nature of transition from preceding stage to a succeeding stage

    4. increasing intensity of intellectual development across stages.

  7. Match List-I (Descriptions) with List-II (Concepts) and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. A person works out a plan and then takes some kind of action to test the plan to see whether he is on the right track

    2. The Id contains ‘a death instinct’ responsible for Aggressiveness and destruction

    3. When a person feels that some of her feelings are unacceptable (to her), she may replace them with their opposites

    4. Jung's concept of masculine archetype in women

    1. Reaction formation

    2. Reality principle

    3. Animus

    4. Thanates

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  8. Match List-I (Concepts) with List-II (Theorists) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Life space

    2. Existentialism

    3. Press

    4. Dynamic lattice

    1. Rollo may

    2. Kurt Lewin

    3. Raymond B Cattell

    4. Henry A Murray

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  9. Match List-I (Socio-cultural processes) with List-II (Labels) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Similarities in behaviour between a child and model, child's motive to be like the model and the process of taking on the attributes of the model.

    2. In an experiment, a man is found to be willing to deliver severe shocks to a male opponent but not to female opponent

    3. After a certain age, males are not rewarded for displaying dependency but similar dependent behaviour may be acceptable in females

    4. The child in an impovershed neighbourhood sees that tough looking gangsters have status, power and other nice things, and appreciates them

    1. Cultural sanctions

    2. Effect of moderator variables

    3. Vicarious reinforcement

    4. Identification

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
  10. Match List-I (Contributions) with List II (Psychologists) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Psycho-social crisis

    2. Self-efficiency

    3. Action Research

    4. Five Factor Model (Big Five)

    1. McCrae and Costa

    2. Erikson

    3. Bandura

    4. Lewin

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  11. Which one of the following clearly defines projective tests?

    1. People attributing undesirable motives and wishes to others

    2. In an ambiguous situation one's needs motives and conflicts getting reflected in one's perception and behaviour

    3. Persons behaving in their natural ways whatever be the situation

    4. An individual being forced to reveal his hidden motives and conflicts

  12. Consider the following statements: Attitude

    1. is a subjective experience involving an evaluation.

    2. has public reference.

    3. is always formed on the basis of prior investigation of relevant facts.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 2 and 2 are correct

    3. 1 and 3 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

  13. A young child sees her mother frown and show signs of displeasure each time the mother encounters members of a particular minority group. Gradually, the child comes to react negatively to the style, dress, accent etc. Of the members of the minority group itself. This phenomenon is best explained as

    1. Instrumental conditioning

    2. Social learning

    3. Modelling

    4. Classical conditioning

  14. A generalized attitude which makes an individual reject out-group members and praise has own group members is called

    1. allocentrism

    2. ethnocentrism

    3. egocentrism

    4. group loyalty

  15. The manifestations of some prejudice show the following functional characteristics:

    1. Pathological hostility

    2. Ethnocentric superiority

    3. Frustration-induced aggression

    4. Artificially induced egoism

    The correct sequence of these characteristics in which a specific prejudice takes the form of pride is

    1. 1, 2, 4, 3

    2. 2, 4, 3, 1

    3. 2, 1, 4, 3

    4. 3, 1, 4, 2