Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 59 of 68)

  1. In siligman's research, animals were given electric shocks which they could not escape. The animals were the given an opportunity to learn a response that would allow them to escape the shock. If was found that

    1. Such animals overcame their frustration quickly and learned to escape

    2. Animals became apathetic and listless and did not learn to escape response

    3. Animals displayed aggression which was due to frustration resulting from their inability to escape

    4. Animals were show to learn at first but the learning rate became a faster subsequently

  2. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

      • Harlow
      • Dissociation
      • Hans seyle
      • General adaptation syndrome
      • Homey
      • Personifications
      • Hull
      • Drive reduction

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2 and 4

  3. The role of informal group in production establishments of industrial organizations was first demonstrated in

    1. studies on British coal mines

    2. time and motion studies

    3. studies undertaken by coch and French

    4. Hawthorne studies

  4. The four learning principles applied in industrial training include

    1. Presenting the stimulus material

    2. Obtaining the response

    3. Reinforcing

    4. Motivating the learner

    The correct serial which they should be used is

    1. 4, 1, 2, 3

    2. 2, 1, 3, 4

    3. 1, 2, 3, 4

    4. 2, 3, 1, 4

  5. Consider the following statements: Achievement tests at used in the field of education for

    1. terminal evaluation of the individual's status after completion of training.

    2. evaluation and improvement of the method of teaching

    3. evaluation f the effectiveness of innovative educational programme.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 2 and 3 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct

  6. A rule-of-thumb that allows for an efficient search for the selection of a problem is termed as

    1. algorithm

    2. education

    3. heuristic

    4. learning

  7. Consider the following statements: Community mental health movement is aimed at alleviating widespread tensions within the community the may lead to

    1. Social problems.

    2. Frustration experienced by the disadvantaged groups.

    3. broken families.

    4. maladaptive behaviours.

    Of the statements

    1. 2 and 4 are correct

    2. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    3. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  8. With which one of the following activities is a community psychologist least likely to be concerned?

    1. Empowerment of slum dwellers

    2. Developing psycho-social competence of women

    3. Working with battered women

    4. Working with slow learners

    • Assertion (A): Female monkeys reared alone lack in maternal behaviour.
    • Reason (R): Social interaction is essential for normal development of behaviours.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Freud all behaviour stemmed from two opposing groups of instincts.
    • Reason (R): Some instincts are innate and some are acquired.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): If the cognitions about an event are present but arousal is absent, then emotion will still be experienced.
    • Reason (R): Perceived emotion is a joint function of arousal appraisal and labelling of cognition.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The memory of people one met yesterday interferes with the recall of names of people one comes into contact today.
    • Reason (R): Names and faces of people one meets today make it difficult to recall the names of people met earlier because of transfer phenomenon.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): People in a cinema hail can be readily grouped into high middle and low income categories.
    • Reason (R): Perceptual grouping may be done on the principles of proximity and similarity.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The colour of coal appears black in spite of changes in illumination.
    • Reason (R): Colour constancy is, to some extent learned.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Persons living in a desert have many words associated with camel.
    • Reason (R): One's language determines the nature of one's thought.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true