Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 65 of 68)

  1. Which of the following statements are correct about case studies as a research method?

    1. Case studies do not permit adequate generalization.

    2. Case studies are carried out only in clinical areas.

    3. Researcher's biases influences the conclusions of case study.

    4. Case studies usually lack in detailed descriptive information.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  2. Psychology has been defined at one time or the other as a

    1. study of soul

    2. science of behaviour

    3. study of consciousness

    4. study of mind

    Which one of the following is the correct chronological order in which the definitions given above evolved during the historical development of Psychology?

    1. 1 − 4 − 3 − 2

    2. 3 − 2 − 1 − 4

    3. 1 − 2 − 3 − 4

    4. 3 − 4 − 1 − 2

  3. Which one of the following statements is correct? Cognitive approach has been developed since S-R approach of studying behaviour is

    1. adequate to explain only certain forms of behaviour

    2. adequate to explain only simple forms of behaviour

    3. adequate to explain only complex forms of behaviour

    4. adequate to explain neither simple nor complex forms of behaviour

  4. Which of the following statements correctly describe psychology as a science?

    1. Psychology emphasises subjective observation.

    2. Psychology emphasises objective observation.

    3. Psychology utilizes experimental control.

    4. Psychology utilises quantitative description.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 3 and 4 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  5. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Perspective) List-II (Emphasis)
    1. Behavioural

    2. Cognitive

    3. Humanistic

    4. Evolutionary

    1. Often adopts an information processing approach to problems

    2. Focuses on the relative importance of genetic factors and experiences with respect to specific aspects of behaviour

    3. Views concepts as useful only if they can be referring to overt manifestation

    4. Assumes that individuals have free will with respect to their own behaviour

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
  6. Which one of the following refers to scientific study of mental disorder?

    1. Abnormal Psychology

    2. Clinical Psychology

    3. Psychiatry

    4. Psychoimmunology

  7. Which of the following techniques is most effective in bringing out one's attitude towards certain social practice?

    1. Interview

    2. Questionnaire

    3. Observation of behaviour in laboratory setting

    4. Self-rating

  8. By which one of the following is expression of achievement motive inhibited?

    1. Frustration

    2. Punishment

    3. Fear of failure

    4. Difficulty of task

  9. Consider the following statements: Psychologists usually consider mechanical aptitude as a/an

    1. stimulus variable

    2. organismic variable

    3. behavioural variable

    4. continuous variable

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 2 only

    2. 2 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  10. Match List-1 with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Research Method) List-II (Weakness)
    1. Case study

    2. Experimental Method

    3. Observation

    4. Survey

    1. Findings may not be fully generalizable-in real life

    2. Participants responses can be influenced by socially desirable responding

    3. Not suitable to study large number of participants

    4. Inferences can be influenced by the bias, of the data collector

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  11. Consider the following methods of psychological investigations

    1. Naturalistic observation

    2. Laboratory experiments

    3. Field experiments

    Which one of the following ordering of the above methods expresses correctly the investigator's ability to control extraneous variance in descending sequence?

    1. 1 − 2 − 3

    2. 1 − 3 − 2

    3. 2 − 3 − 1

    4. 3 − 2 − 1

  12. In a survey of engineering students, each student was asked to justify his/her choice of the specialization branch in about sixty words. This question could best be considered as an example of which one of the following?

    1. Protective test item

    2. Fixed alternative item

    3. Objective test item

    4. Open ended item

  13. Events that are perceived as stressful, usually fall into which of the following categories?

    1. Internal conflicts.

    2. Major changes in life circumstances.

    3. Uncontrollable events.

    4. Traumatic events.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 only

    2. 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 2 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  14. Which one of the following techniques used for assessment of personality involves categorizing of statements by the individual about himself?

    1. Semantic differential

    2. Case report

    3. Q-sort

    4. Self-report

  15. The basic difference between the TAT and the Rorschach is that the TAT is devised to reveal which one of the following?

    1. Primarily the needs and press of one's personality

    2. Primarily the contents of one's personality

    3. Primarily the press of one's personality

    4. Primarily the thema of one's personality