Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 68 of 68)

  1. Approach-approach conflict leading to frustration is an example of

    1. social barrier

    2. intrapersonal barrier

    3. physical barrier

    4. interpersonal barner

  2. Which of the following physiological changes would a man experience after witnessing a murder on the road?

    1. Increases in heart beat

    2. Rapid respirjo

    3. Hair standing on its end

    4. Increase in the level of blood sugar

    5. Increased Perspiration

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2, and 4

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2, 3 and 5

    4. 2, 3, 4 and 5

  3. Watching televised violence may enhance the tendency to get involved in violent acts, especially in the play behaviour of children This is best explained by

    1. Freudian concept of release of energy

    2. frustrationagj0 hypothesis

    3. social learning theory

    4. Milgram's study on ‘obedience to authority’

  4. Who among the following defined learning relatively permanent change in behaviour which is a result experience excluding changes due to injury and physiological adjustments?

    1. G A Kimble and N Garmezy

    2. ML Munn and L D Fernald

    3. B Inhelder and J Piaget

    4. R M Gange and L J Briggs

  5. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Phenomenon) List-II (Explanation)
    1. Prernack's Principle

    2. Excitatory potential

    3. Zeigarnick effect

    4. Weber's law

    1. Readiness of the organism to respond to a specific stimulus is a function of drive and habit strength

    2. The just noticeable increment to any stimulus bears a constant ratio to that stimulus

    3. More probable behaviours will reinforce less probable behaviours

    4. Tendency to recall more uncompleted tasks than completed tasks

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  6. 111. Which of the following are the characteristics of operant conditioning?

    1. Stimulus-response association

    2. Law of contiguity in learning

    3. Law of effect

    4. Difference in UR and CR

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  7. Which of the following are dependent variables in a conditioning experiment?

    1. Latency of response

    2. Rate of response

    3. Amplitude of response

    4. Direction of response

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  8. If visual experience with forms to be discriminated facilitates discrimination learning, them

    1. Experimental group animals should reach criterion of the discrimination task faster than control group animals, even in the absence of differential reinforcement

    2. experimental group animals should reach criterion of the discrimination task faster than control group animals, but in the presence of differential reinforcement

    3. experimental group animals will reach criterion of the discrimination task faster than the control group animals, but not significantly so

    4. both experimental and control group animals will show similar discrimination learning curves

  9. Match List-I (Formula) with List-II (Phenomena) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. (R-S)/(A-S)

    2. SH R

    3. R = K log S + a

    4. E C 100 C-x

    1. Brunswick's measure of Constancy

    2. Percent transfer

    3. Percent transfer

    4. Fechner's Law

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  10. Words of praise illustrate

    1. secondary reinforcement.

    2. intermittent reinforcement

    3. primary reinforcement

    4. success approximation

  11. Rats learn to press a panel for food afterwards, they through a discrimination learning sequence; Noise-press the panelfood; no noise-press the panel-no food. A lever is now introduced, which when depressed, produces a 5-second noise for the experimental animals. Control subjects, although they had the same previous discrimination learning, do not get any such operationally produced noise. The final result indicated that the experimental group pressed the lever more than twice as the control group. In this experiment, the function of noise in increasing the frequency of lever pressing is as

    1. a differential reinforcer

    2. a secondary reinforcer

    3. a consecutive reinforcer

    4. an intermittent reinforcer

  12. Match List I and List II select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Deterimental effects of learning list X upon learning list Y

    2. Detrimental effects of Learning list X upon learning list Y

    3. Detrimental effects of Learning list ZY upon recall of list XY

    4. Facilitating effects of learning list XY upon learning list ZY

    1. Positive transfer

    2. Negative transfer

    3. Proactive interference

    4. Retroactive interference

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  13. Rote serial anticipation learning includes

    1. last items of the list:

    2. first items of the list.

    3. middle items of the list.

    The correct sequence of recall of these lists is

    1. 1, 2, 3

    2. 2, 1, 3

    3. 3, 2, 1

    4. 1, 3, 2

  14. At birth, a child has no vocabulary but an assortment of cries, grunts and breathing sounds. Within a month, these sounds begin to elicit meaning, namely, they relate to pleasure, discomfort etc. By two months, some verbal sounds (e. g. cooing) start and around six months, the child starts making meaningful sounds. The passage given above attempts to explain the development stages in

    1. associative learning

    2. concept learning

    3. verbal learning

    4. speech learning

  15. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Skinner and Ferster

    2. Watson arid Raynor

    3. Hull and Spence

    4. Amsell and Rousell

    1. Drive reduction theory

    2. Frustration response theory

    3. Schedules of reinforcement

    4. Classical conditioning

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