Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 8 of 68)

  1. Consider the following statements: Behavioural theories of learning focus on

    1. stimulus and response units

    2. principle of contiguity

    3. comprehension of underlying principle

    4. organization of stimuli

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  2. In a classic study by Tolman, rats were trained to run through a complicated maze. One group, the reward group, received a food reward put in the goal box at the end of the maze after their daily trials every time. A second group, the no-reward group, did not receive a food reward at anytime. The third group, no-reward/reward group, received no reward until the 11th trial and were given reward in the goal box after each trial, thereafter. Average number of errors committed by the rats in different groups are given in the figure, From the figure which one of the following conclusions was drawn by Tolman?

    1. Reward is sufficient for performance

    2. Performance is better if reward follows 1no reward condition

    3. Cognitive processes are also involved in learning, reinforcement alone being not sufficient

    4. Practice improves performance

  3. Match List I (Symbols) with list II (Meaning) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. SER

    2. IR

    3. SIR

    4. SHR

    1. Habit strength

    2. Conditioned inhibition

    3. Reactive inhibition

    4. Evoked reaction potential

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
  4. The paired associate learning task provides a good situation to illustrate the effect of meaningfulness because this task makes it possible to

    1. quantify the responses elicited from the subject

    2. increase the orthographic distinctiveness

    3. build in varying degrees of association

    4. manipulate separately the meaningfulness of stimulus terms and response terms

  5. Which one of the following pairs of psychologists maintained that the amount of retention is a function of the level at which it is processed?

    1. Atkinson and Schiffrin

    2. Anderson and Bower

    3. Craik and Lockhart

    4. Paivio and Csapo

  6. Which one of the following models proposed that processing of information proceeds from one to another storage system successively?

    1. Process model of memory

    2. Structure model of memory

    3. Feature-comparison model

    4. Sampling memory model

  7. Which one of the following theories assumes that recall involves both search and decision processes whereas recognition involves only a decision process?

    1. Two-process theory

    2. Dual process theory

    3. Two-factor theory

    4. Dual coding theory

  8. A procedure in which several trials containing the same list of items are successively given and subjects are asked to recall items in any order they wish to on each trial, is called

    1. repetitive free recall method

    2. single trial free recall method

    3. multi-trial free recall method

    4. continuous free recall method

  9. The more distinctive a stimulus, the more likely one is to recall it later; this is referred to as

    1. rebound effect

    2. von-Restorff effect

    3. halo effect

    4. soap opera effect

  10. Forgetting in LTM may occur due to

    1. encoding failure

    2. semantic failure

    3. retrieval failure

    4. failure arising out of phonemic similarity

  11. Which one of the following is a control process of short-term memory?

    1. Retrieval

    2. Attention

    3. Recognition

    4. Recall

  12. Which one of the following is the most important characteristic of sensory memory?

    1. It can hold all incoming information for a very short period

    2. It can hold only a limited amount of visual information but unlimited amount of auditory information

    3. It holds its contents only iconicajly

    4. It alters the incoming information with the passage of time

  13. Consider the following statements: Semantic memory

    1. is necessary for use of language

    2. is a mental thesaurus

    3. stores temporal and spatial relations

    4. has a short life

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. The figure given below shows the basic operation of long-term memory: Which one of the f6llowing will figure in the blank box marked ‘X’

  15. The idea that recall is not reproductive but constructive in nature is attributed to

    1. Ebbinghaus

    2. Bartlett

    3. Badley

    4. Miller