Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 13 of 95)

  1. The terms ‘Backward Class’ is used in which Article of the Constitution of India?

    1. l5 − 4

    2. 16 − 4

    3. 17 − 4

    4. 23 − 4

  2. Which three stages of the following sociocultural evolution are propounded by L H Morgan?

    1. Ancient, Feudal and industrial

    2. Savagery Barbarism and Civilisation

    3. Lower, Intermediate and Modem

    4. Primitive, Traditional and Technological

  3. Which one of the following factors is negatively correlated with modemisation?

    1. Achievement motivation

    2. Cosmopolitanism

    3. Empathy

    4. Religiosity

  4. Arrange the following sites of ancient urban growth in chronological

    1. Indus Valley

    2. Tigris and Euphrates Valley

    3. Yellow River Valley

    4. Nile Valley

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2, 4, 1, 3

    2. 3, 4, 2, l

    3. 2, 3, 1, 4

    4. 4, l, 2, 3

  5. Which one of the following Articles of Indian Constitution talks about grants-inaid for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes?

    1. 275

    2. 334

    3. 244 (A)

    4. 164 (1)

  6. Who defined social movement as ‘a collective venture extending beyond a local community or single event and involving a systematic effort to bring about change in the way people think and behave’

    1. C Wendell King

    2. Robert Ash

    3. NJ Smelser

    4. Anthony Wallace

  7. The second epoch of the three stages of the progress of civilization according to August Comte is:

    1. theological

    2. military

    3. metaphysical

    4. scientific

    • Assertion (A): Differentiation refers to how things or people can be distinguished from one another.
    • Reason (R): Stratification refers to the ranking or things or people.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The root of inequality may lie in economic status or power relationships.
    • Reason (R): The inequality based on economic relationship is called objective inequality.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  8. Assertion (A) The elements of great tradition and modified, transformed and reinterpreted to suit the rural people of the little community. Reason (R): This upward or downward process is known as universalisation.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Automation is a common phenomenon of complex economic system.
    • Reason (R): Complex economy cannot survive without automation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  9. Assertion (A) Gentrification is an alarming process. Reason (R): It drives up the value of land in the central city, making it more difficult for the poor to live there.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): As the most recent form of the production technology, automation has attracted the interest of a number of sociologists.
    • Reason (R): Automation produces important changes both within the working class and in relationship of the working class to the rest of society.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Between the year 1618 to l64 European population decreased substantially.
    • Reason (R): Between the years 1618 to 1648, European countries witnessed revolutionary change in science and, technology and were passing through a period of relatives peace and tranquility.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In an industrial concern, when the workers do not get their proper wages, they are likely to protest and go on strikes after getting themselves organized.
    • Reason (R): The trade unions are formed on the basis of common interests of the workers and their organised associational efforts in the form of movements.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true