Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 14 of 95)

    • Assertion (A): Sex-ratio increased in some European countries immediately after the First and Second World Wars.
    • Reason (R): Metabiological forces redress the losses of men in war.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The median age of the population of India dropped immediately after the improvement in health infrastructure.
    • Reason (R): Mortality affects agestructure to much lesser extent than fertility.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Opposite to the view that the village and the city are parallel systems, is the concept of rural-urban continuum.
    • Reason (R): Robert Redfield has made important contribution towards developing the concept of rural-urban continuum.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Many tribal communities are said to have merged with Hindu communities around them.
    • Reason (R): In the process of assimilation, it is the relative power of the groups that is the deciding factor.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Colonial policies such as on water tax, land-revenue and agricultural prices could bring together poor middle and well-to-do tenants, alongwith lesser landlords against zamindars and neasant potentates.
    • Reason (R): It is not the peasant mind or mentality but the circumstances of peasant life that account for the emergence of peasant movement.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Social movement is a group venture to inaugurate changes in thought, behaviour and social relationships.
    • Reason (R): The first organised peasant movement in Champaran in 1917 by MK Gandhi aimed at establishing a new order of life.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Men may devise, develop and adopt new techniques and those new techniques may in turn, pose new problems of technological, ideological or organisational adaptation.
    • Reason (R): A technique, however, is never the activating force in social change.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In 20th century, there has been an increasing rate of change in almost all the dimensions of social life.
    • Reason (R): The technological innovations and industrial advancement upto the post-modem era have immensely accelerated the process of social change.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The Indian society has undergone drastic changes due to the influx of Islam and Christianity during history.
    • Reason (R): Social changes mainly occur from the adjustment of the systems to both exogenous and endogenous factor of change.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Law is an agency of social control.
    • Reason (R): It is through law that state brings about social change.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Marx, urbanistion became the foundation of the division of labour and class formation.
    • Reason (R): While on the order side it implies the necessity of administration, police, taxation etc.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Integration is the process of creating a single unit by joining the different parts.
    • Reason (R): Social solidarity is conducive to integration.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Membership in caste association is not purely ascriptive.
    • Reason (R): Birth in the caste is necessary but not a sufficient condition for membership in caste association.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In contrast with the caste system which is based on the principle of purity-pollution the Estate System is based on the law.
    • Reason (R): Unlike in the caste system, hierarchy is not a characterising feature of the Estate System.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Industrialism was perceived as almost magic formula for the economic and social uplift of traditional societies.
    • Reason (R): Traditional societies all over the world, accepted industrialization without any hesitation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true