Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 36 of 95)

  1. While social status implies a collection of rights and duties, what does social role represent?

    1. The opposite of social status

    2. The dynamic aspect of social status

    3. The passive aspect of social status

    4. The same as social status

  2. Which one of the following is the correct statement? The term cultural relatively means a belief in viewing:

    1. a culture as relatively superior to other ones.

    2. a culture only in terms of its own values and in its own context.

    3. a culture only in terms of making comparison with other cultures.

    4. a culture considering other cultures as better ones.

  3. Consider the following legislations:

    1. The Special Marriage Act.

    2. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act.

    3. The Indian Succession Act.

    4. The Child Marriage Restrains Act.

    What is the correct chronological sequence of the above Acts?

    1. 2 − 1 − 4 − 3

    2. 3 − 4 − 1 − 2

    3. 2 − 4 − 1 − 3

    4. 3 − 1 − 4 − 2

  4. Consider the following statements about marriage:

    1. Marriage is a sacrament in Hindu society.

    2. Marriage is a contract in Muslim society.

    3. Prohibition of apinda marriage is a rule of caste endogamy.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 2 only

  5. Which one of the following sociologists considers caste as an extended kin group?

    1. G S Ghurye

    2. McKim Marriott

    3. M N Srinivas

    4. Iravati Karve

  6. What is the tendency to use the norms and values of one own culture as standards against which the practices of others are judged called?

    1. Relativism

    2. Racism

    3. Ethnocentrism

    4. Arrogance

  7. What does the process of acculturation refer to?

    1. The assimilation of one social institution by another that modifies the social structure and so changes the social organization.

    2. The assimilation by one group of the culture of another that modifies the culture and so changes group identify.

    3. The assimilation of one nation state by another that modifies the national boundaries.

    4. The assimilation of various nuclear families into one joint family.

  8. Consider the following statements

    1. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 does not apply to members of any scheduled Tribes unless the Central Government by notification in the official gazette otherwise directs.

    2. Under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) the right of maintenance extends not only to the wife and dependent children but also to indigent parents and divorced wives. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 only

      3. Both 1 and 2

      4. Neither 1 nor 2

  9. Which one of the following correctly defines the concept of social structure?

    1. Socially assigned meaning to a particular set of behavioural pattern.

    2. The enduring, orderly and patterned relationships between elements of a society.

    3. A group of individuals, sharing common social background, aspirations and occupation.

    4. A set of behavioural patterns shared by different cultures.

  10. How are people who have something in common but may not be interacting with one another or gathering in one place referred as?

    1. Social group

    2. Secondary group

    3. Primary group

    4. Social category

  11. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Emile Durkheim, expressive law is a feature of society characterized by:

    1. strong belief in a common morality.

    2. a lack of common morality.

    3. a feudal bent of mind.

    4. a primitive type of culture.

  12. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Emile Durkheim, deviance has a positive function also because:

    1. it helps in keeping cultural purity intact

    2. it helps in legitimizing the need for state and police

    3. it helps in bringing about change in society

    4. it helps individuals take out their frustrations

  13. Who among the following used the concept of relative deprivation?

    1. Karl Marx in his theory of exploitation.

    2. Marx Weber in his theory of class inequality.

    3. Robert Merton in his theory of reference group behaviour.

    4. Emile Durkheim in his theory of suicide.

  14. Which one of the following correctly defines the concept of social norms?

    1. Shared expectations of behaviour that connote what is considered socially desirable and appropriate

    2. The patterns of behaviour that are considered ideal and satisfy the actor

    3. Cultural meanings assigned a particular action independently of the wishes of the actor

    4. Some definite ideas about what is wrong and what is right irrespective of the social context.

  15. What does sexism refer to?

    1. The belief that men are inherently superior to women.

    2. The state of sexual promiscuity

    3. The tendency to treat women as sexual objects only.

    4. A process of liberation of women from the traditional bondage.