Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 40 of 95)

  1. When the members of each group, judge all other groups by the standards of their own group, it is termed as:

    1. ethnicity

    2. ethnocentrism

    3. ethnic group

    4. ethnography

  2. Aspirations for improvement in castestatus are common but it is not achieved unless a caste acquires:

    1. ritual purity

    2. group acceptance

    3. power and privilege

    4. official connections

  3. Select the correct sequence of the given four stages through which a social movement progresses:

    1. Popular excitement-Formalisation-Institutionalization-Social unrest

    2. Formalization-Social unrest-Popular excitement-Institutionalization

    3. lnstitutionalization-Formalisation-Popular excitment-Social unrest

    4. Social unrest-Popular excitement-Formalisation-Institutionalization

  4. Consider the following statements: Social change basically originates from:

    1. discovery

    2. religion

    3. inventions

    4. cultural traits

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  5. A development of evolution in a direction which satisfies rational criterion of value is also known as:

    1. development

    2. evolution

    3. progress

    4. revolution

  6. By virtue of the Constitution (Sixty Fifth Amendment) Act 1990, the ‘special officer’ post under Article 338 of the Constitution has been substituted by

    1. National Board for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

    2. National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

    3. National Council for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

    4. National Committee for Scheduled

    Castes and Scheduled Tribes

  7. Assertion (A) It is desirable to distinguish between the normative pattern and the social systems to which it applies. Reason (R): Particular social system may not conform to the normative pattern in all respects.

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): The socialized individual never goes against the values of the society.
    • Reason (R): Socialization makes the individual learn to conform to the norms of the society.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): In a rank society, members have equal access to economic resources but unequal access to prestige.
    • Reason (R): The value of wealth is the prestige gained by giving it away rather than the prestige gained by having it.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Caste is nothing more than the systematization of occupaticinal differentiation.
    • Reason (R): The hereditary association of a caste with an occupation is striking.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Cultural conditions determine the economic behaviour in a society.
    • Reason (R): Economic behaviour is resultant of the political needs of a society.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): A capitalist system econourages market economy.
    • Reason (R): Capitalist system is a global choice.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Urbanization refers to relocation of population in society.
    • Reason (R): Urban people are more mobile than their rural counterparts.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): At the time of the framing of the Constitution of India, reservation of jobs for the Scheduled Castes was intended for a specified period.
    • Reason (R): Constitutional provisions in respect of reservation of jobs for the Scheduled Castes have ensured economic upliftment within the period specified.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): The capitalist class according to Karl Marx, exploits the labour class in the capitalist society and this paves the way for class polarization.
    • Reason (R): The proletarian classes in the capitalist society suffer from the alienation of labour.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true