Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 41 of 95)

  1. Printing was first developed in China in the 6th century and slowly spread to rest of the world. This is an example of

    1. Cultural Diffusion

    2. Technological Revolution

    3. Cultural Hegemony

    4. Globalization

  2. Who, among the following, emphasised that conflict plays a positive role in preserving society?

    1. Max Weber

    2. Lewis Coser

    3. Karl Marx

    4. Anthony Giddens

  3. The concept of ‘relative deprivation’ has been widely used in policy discourse on which one of the following?

    1. Social and cultural rights of minorities

    2. Social conflict and harmony

    3. Multi-culturalism

    4. Poverty and inequality

  4. How would you describe the situation where a group of people rejects the prevailing values and norms of society and begins to live differently?

    1. Revolution

    2. Deviant group

    3. Counter-culture

    4. Acculturation

  5. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the list

    List-I (Author) List-II (Concept)
    1. Miller

    2. F Tonnies

    3. Sumner

    4. CH Cooley

    1. In-group and out-group

    2. Communities and association

    3. Primary and secondary group

    4. Horizontal and vertical group

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
  6. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. An area of social living marked by some degree of coherence

    2. A large group to which an individual belongs

    3. A functional configuration of culture pattern

    4. A group of people organized one or more purposes

    1. Institution

    2. Community

    3. Association

    4. Organization

    5. Society

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 5
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 5
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  7. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. The real and ideal culture

    2. Social progress is not linear but divergent

    3. Essential will and arbitrary will

    4. Law of three stages

    1. E Tonnies

    2. Auguste Comte

    3. Ralph Linton

    4. H Spencer

    5. CH Cooley

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 5
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 5
      • 1
      • 4
      • 5
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  8. The concept of cultural lag explains that

    1. changes in material culture are very slow.

    2. changes in non-material culture are faster than changes in material culture.

    3. material culture changes faster than non-material culture.

    4. material and non-material cultures, more or less change at the same place.

  9. The term ‘cultural relativism’ is often contrasted with

    1. cultural pluralism.

    2. ethnocentrism

    3. cultural absolutism

    4. cultural vacuum

  10. Max Weber believed that sociology should focus on social action and not on structures because

    1. human individuals were capable of making choices and introducing changes

    2. human beings were action-oriented

    3. he wanted to refute Marxist theory of class

    4. human society is always conflictridden

  11. According to Irving Goffman, ‘Asylum’ is an example of which one of the following?

    1. A social system

    2. A hospital

    3. A total institution

    4. A traditional family

  12. According to Robert Merton, people who reject both the existing values and the means of achieving them by attempting to reconstruct a new social system are called

    1. Conformists

    2. Innovators

    3. Ritualists

    4. Rebels

  13. Consider the following statements associated with norms and values.

    1. Norms are enforced by positive and negative sanctions.

    2. Norms define acceptable behaviour in specific situations.

    3. Norms are not formalized by translation into laws.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. According to Robert Merton “When there is an acute disjunction between the cultural norms and goals, and thestructured capacities of members of the group to act in accord with them” it leads to a situation of

    1. Anomie

    2. cultural degeneration

    3. social mobility

    4. structural transformation

  15. Theoretically speaking, the concept of ‘social systems’ in sociology is used by those who work with

    1. critical perspective

    2. functionalist perspective

    3. marxist perspective

    4. phenomenological perspective