Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 42 of 95)

  1. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. Detachment of the performer from the role, he or she is performing

    2. Individuals play more roles with incompatible demands

    3. Roles do not exist in isolation. Each role has associated or complementaryroles

    4. Behaviour in a role provides a pattern upon which another individual bases his behaviour

    1. Role set

    2. Role model

    3. Role conflict

    4. Role insulation

    5. Role distance

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  2. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I (Work) List-II (Scholar)
    1. The rules of sociological method

    2. The methodology of the social changes

    3. The evolution of culture

    4. The theory of cultural change methodology of multilinear evolution

    1. Max Weber

    2. White Leslie

    3. Julian H Steward

    4. Emile Durkheim

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  3. What are the customary, normal, habitual ways of doing things by a group, known as?

    1. Mores

    2. Folkways

    3. Habits

    4. Cultural alternatives

  4. Who, among the following, made a distinction between ‘retributive laws’ and ‘restitutive laws’

    1. Karl Marx

    2. Michel Foucault

    3. Kingsley Davis

    4. Emile Durkheim

  5. Children learn the ways of adults, perpetuating the values, norms and social practices of their culture. What is this process called?

    1. Evolution

    2. Natural selection

    3. Social interaction

    4. Socialisation

  6. The melting pot theory is based on which concept?

    1. Assimilation

    2. Accommodation

    3. Segregation

    4. Integration

    • Assertion (A): The differences among groups are resolved permanently in accommodation.
    • Reason (R): Accommodation is mainly an unconscious activity.

    Code:

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  7. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. The process of seeking to monopolise a reward by surpassing all rivals

    2. A joint activity in pursuit of common goals or shared rewards

    3. The process of monopolising rewards by eliminating or weakening die competitors

    4. A process of developing working agreement between conflicting individuals or groups

    1. Co-operation

    2. Assimilation

    3. Accommodation

    4. Conflict

    5. Competition

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  8. The Hindu construction of the notion of marriage, as a sacrament, does not include in it the notion of equality within marriage based on ethics of justice. This is evident by the experiments of many social reformer to change die form and practice of marriage itself. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I (Social Reformer) List-II (Experiment)
    1. Jotirao Phule

    2. Tarabai Shinde

    3. E V Ramaswamy Naicker

    4. B R Ambedkar

    1. Riddles of Hinduism

    2. Self-respect Marriages

    3. A school for untouchable girls and a home for upper caste widows

    4. Stri-Purush Tulna

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  9. Consider the following forms of institutional relations

    1. Social action

    2. Social institutions

    3. Community

    4. Social relations

    Max Weber brought together which of the above forms for developing a theory of urban community?

    1. 1, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  10. Who authored Folkways which includes sex mores, the marriage institution and incest?

    1. F Engles

    2. William G Sumner

    3. George Murdock

    4. B Cardmon Hardy

  11. Which one of the following was used by Durkheim to explain his theory of functionalism?

    1. Structural principles

    2. Organic analogy

    3. Psychological facts

    4. Evolutionary universals

    • Assertion (A): Ascribed and achieved statuses are basically different yet they interact and may overlap each other.
    • Reason (R): At many points, the boundaries between ascribed and achieved statuses are indistinct, yet the concepts are useful.

    Code:

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  12. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. Marriage is a sacrament. This means that a marriage cannot be dissolved

    2. Marriage is a contract. This means that marriage can be terminated

    3. The notion that ‘marriage is indissoluble’ has gradually been eroded and through legislation, the right of divorce has been introduced in all legal systems in India

    4. Only among the Muslims, marriage is a contract and divorce is allowed

  13. The social group, in which a person is born, is referred to as which one of the following?

    1. The family of socialization

    2. The family of procreation

    3. The family of recreation

    4. The family of orientation