Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 46 of 95)

  1. Post-industrial society is characterised by which one of the following?

    1. Increasing goods-producing and manufacturing economic activities

    2. Increasing professional and technical Services as forms of economic activities

    3. Declining political power of technocrats and professionals

    4. Declining technical bureaucracy

  2. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I (Concept) List-II (Thinker)
    1. Human societies evolve from simple, homogeneous, non-specialized cultures into complex, heterogeneous, specialized cultures.

    2. Human societies evolve from barbarian to civilized societies

    3. Human societies evolve from animistic to polytheistic and then to monotheistic societies

    4. Human societies evolve from communities bound together by tradition and affection to those characterized by non-emotional objectivity

    1. Ferdinand Tonnies

    2. Lewis Henry Morgan

    3. Herbert Spencer

    4. Edward Taylor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
    • Assertion (A): Goods and services do not automatically satisfy social and biological wants of human beings.
    • Reason (R): There has to be some organised system of behaviour that enables human beings to create and acquire the material resources.

    Code:

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

    3. A is true but R is false.

    4. A is false but R is true.

  3. Which are the main features of the controlled (planned) economy in India?

    1. The politics of ‘garibi hatao’

    2. Anti-poverty policies like land reforms.

    3. Putting the weight of the state behind agricultural production.

    4. Controlling the economy through public sector economic units.

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  4. Consider the following statements about economic system of simple societies

    1. Larger number of simple societies practise cultivation of same fields year after year.

    2. Hunting and gathering societies live by hunting animals only.

    3. The buffalo herders of Nilgiri Hills of

    Tamil Nadu and sheep and goat herders of Jammu and Kashmir are examples of pastoral communities.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  5. Which of the following non-economic determinants of economic behaviour did not contribute to the growth of rational capitalism in west Europe and north America?

    1. The growth of the bureaucratic rational-legal state

    2. The charismatic ethical prophets/leader.

    3. The growth of transport and communication

    4. The protestant ethics

  6. Consider the following statements In the year 1991, India adopted aeromarket strategy which means that India

    1. liberalised its internal regulatory framework.

    2. reduced tariffs.

    3. adopted appropriate exchange rate policies.

    4. allowed foreign investors to play a significant role in the economy.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  7. Which of the following statements reflect the traits of ‘Global Cities’ as stated by S. Sassen?

    1. They are centres of direction and policy-making for the global economy.

    2. They are key locations for financial and specialised service firms.

    3. They are markets on which the ‘products’ of financial and service industries are bought, sold or otherwise disposed of:

    4. They are characterised by a high level of population density.

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 1, 3 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  8. What are the theorists who believe in the relative autonomy of the capitalist state, called?

    1. Instrumentalists

    2. Structural neo-Marxists

    3. Pluralists

    4. Elitists

  9. Which group of the following cities were studied by S. Sassen in 1991 to develop the concept of global city?

    1. New York, London and Tokyo

    2. New York, Paris and Boston

    3. London, Milano and Chicago

    4. Tokyo, New York and Moscow

  10. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below the lists

    List-I (Example) List-II (Technology)
    1. Printing

    2. Textile industry

    3. Automobile industry

    4. Chemical industry

    1. Process technology

    2. Assembly line technology

    3. Machine technology

    4. Craft technology

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  11. Consider the following statements about market exchange

    1. Market exchange is a purely economic model of commercial exchange.

    2. Market exchange does not determine the parties to exchange.

    3. Market exchange makes possible the transfer of goods among known persons only.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  12. Consider the following statements

    1. Orthogenetic cities carry forward native tradition.

    2. Cross-cultural contacts are frequently established in orthogenetic cities.

    3. Orthogenetic cities carry forward primary urbanisation.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  13. If population in cities increases because of natural factors, rather than migration, what is the process known as?

    1. Urbanization

    2. Pseudo urbanization

    3. Cultural mosaic

    4. Internal mobilization

  14. According to the data of the census of India 2001, what is the percentage of urban population of total population in India?

    1. Between 22%'5%

    2. Between 26%'9%

    3. Between 30%'3%

    4. Between 34%'6%