Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 49 of 95)

  1. Totemism is a belief in:

    1. an object vested with a spirit and mind

    2. a deity vested with power and spirit

    3. a spirit vested with power and piety

    4. an object vested with spirit and power

  2. The theory of belief system relating to the concept of soul (anima) in primitive society was formulated by:

    1. Emile Durkheim

    2. E. B. Taylor

    3. Max Weber

    4. Frazer

  3. The belief that a magical practice performed on one object can have an effect upon another object is called:

    1. repetitive magic

    2. black magic

    3. sympathetic magic

    4. white magic

  4. Which of the following statements comes closest to Malinowaski's understanding of the preliterate society?

    1. Religion, magic and science are incompatible with each other

    2. Religion, magic and science are integral parts of the preliterate society

    3. Magic and religion have no objective consequences since they are purely imaginary

    4. Science plays no part in the lives of preliterate people

  5. The initiation ceremonies in primitive societies are functional because they are:

    1. a ritual and dramatic expression of the supreme power and value of tradition

    2. a customary and folk expression of the supreme power and value of tradition

    3. a traditional and religious expression of the supreme power and value of tradition

    4. a superstitious and kinship expression of the supreme power and value of tradition

  6. Which of the following are characteristics of the Bureaucratic model?

    1. Distinction between office and person.

    2. Legitimization of authority by technical competence.

    3. Recognition of informal groups in official scheme.

    4. Encouragement of career and differentiated rewards

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  7. Successful economic development in complex societies, requires not only a balance between industrialization and agricultural development but also a balanced growth of:

    1. distributive system

    2. urbanization

    3. foreign trade

    4. modernization

  8. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of a states?

    1. The political apparatus

    2. Ethnicity

    3. Territory

    4. Law and the use of force

  9. Which one of the following is not matched correctly?

    1. Traditional authority: Patrimonial chief

    2. Rational legal authority: Democratic setup

    3. Charismatic authority: Non-Revolutionary in purpose

    4. Routinization of charisma: Change in the extent of charismatic influence either to tradition or rational form of authority.

  10. In a family, the grandfather was a farmer in a village and the father taught in a school in a town and now the son is an industrial engineer in a multinational corporation. This is an illustration of:

    1. cultural mobility

    2. intra-generational mobility

    3. horizontal mobility

    4. inter-generational mobility

  11. Status groups are not stratified according to the:

    1. type of dwelling

    2. food habits

    3. recreational activities

    4. acquisition of wealth

  12. Which of the following are among the basis of achieving power?

    1. Proficiency and skill

    2. Political position

    3. Marriage in high status group

    4. Wealth

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1 and 4

  13. The functional theory of social stratification is expounded in the writings of:

    1. Davis and Blake

    2. Davis and Moore

    3. Parsons and Bales

    4. Marx and Weber

    • Assertion (A): Social stratification is functional to social system.
    • Reason (R): Social stratification assigns privileges and responsibilities to individuals.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and Rare individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Caste is now-a days no bar to the choice of occupations.
    • Reason (R): Indian democracy guarantees its people freedom in the choice of occupation.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and Rare individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true