Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 57 of 95)

  1. A subculture that adheres to a set of beliefs and values, radically rejects the society's dominant culture and prescribes an alternative one is

    1. Indio-culture

    2. subculture

    3. counterculture

    4. real culture

  2. Which of the following statements about culture are correct?

    1. Each culture is holistic

    2. Culture complex is the smallest unit of culture

    3. Culture is shared in common by the members of a given group

    4. Physical and biological features of people are determined by culture

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  3. Which one of the following statements is incorrect?

    1. Racial inter-mixture leads to degeneration

    2. The concept of pure race is a myth

    3. Inter-mixture of races is a universal phenomenon

    4. No race is superior or inferior to any other race

  4. The beginning of the neanderthaloid stage occurs at the start of the upper pleistocenes, and its end can be fixed at the point where all human remains quite suddenly are completely of homo-sapiens type. This occurs

    1. at the close of the early warm or the start of the subsequent short phase of warm climate which we call Aurignacian oscillations

    2. at the cold climate of Africa, Europe and Asia

    3. in a warm climate of Savanna ecology of the vast African sub-continent

    4. At the close of the Riss-Glaciation, in a moderately warm climate of Europe

  5. The evolution and development of the earliest Homo-erectus into existing races took place

    1. when he entered into the stage of neolithic culture

    2. when he entered into the stage of mousterian tool making industry

    3. when he had entered into the stage of agriculture

    4. when he was in the hunting stage

  6. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

      • Knowledge and beliefs
      • Change in the thought patterns
      • Habits and techniques
      • Change in the work patterns
      • Status and role
      • Change in the relationship patterns
      • Art and literature
      • Change in the patterns of aesthetic sense
  7. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Concepts) List-II (Meanings)
    1. Culture contact

    2. Cultural universals

    3. Cultural relativism

    4. Cultural pluralism

    1. Adopting new cultural patterns

    2. Striking uniformity among the cultures

    3. No universal standards can be used to evaluate culture

    4. Cultures coexist without evaluating each other

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
  8. Which one of the following is a definition of cultural lag?

    1. Inability of one culture to adopt traits of another culture

    2. Gap between material and nonmaterial culture

    3. Incompatibility between individual culture and group culture

    4. Sharing between material and nonmaterial culture

  9. It is reported that moplas are performing kalyanam after nikah. This is indicative of:

    1. assimilation

    2. acculturation

    3. integration

    4. diffusion

  10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given bellow the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Spencer

    2. Redcliffe Brown

    3. Comte

    4. Marx

    1. Functionalism

    2. Materialism

    3. Individualism

    4. Positivism

    5. Logical positivism

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  11. Which one of the following explanation is the best for the term ‘Gemeinschaft’

    1. It is a society with rigid social structure

    2. It is a small society with good relations

    3. It is a society in which most relationships are either personal or traditional

    4. It is a society which has caste/class differences

  12. Which one of the following statements correctly defines the term ethnocentrism?

    1. Judging other cultures with the help of cultural ‘ideal types’

    2. Judging other species by comparing them with human species

    3. Looking at other cultures with a sense of inferiority

    4. Judging other cultures by comparing them with one's own

  13. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Type of Groups) List-II (Characteristics of Groups)
    1. Ingroup

    2. Peer Group

    3. Primary group

    4. Secondary group

    1. Face to face relations, smallness, emotional attachment

    2. Largeness, impersonal relation contractual conditions

    3. Similar status and roles of group members

    4. Relations of peace, order and subjectively attached feeling

    5. Relation of mutual adjustment cooperation and integration

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 5
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
  14. Which of the following are the basic characteristics of social group?

    1. Physical presence of two or more persons

    2. Interaction between two or more persons

    3. Definite pattern of relationship

    4. Consciousness of members for belonging to the group.

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  15. The complement of role relationship which a college teacher has with pupils, colleagues, principal and ministerial staff refers to his:

    1. multiple roles

    2. role conflict

    3. role performance

    4. role set