Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 58 of 95)

  1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Examples) List-II (Concepts)
    1. A working mother having an ailing child

    2. A budding cricketer emulating Sunil Gavaskar

    3. A teacher teaching in the class

    4. A village doctor without medicines and equipments treating patients

    1. Role playing

    2. Role conflict

    3. Counterfeit role

    4. Role model

    5. Playing at role

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 5
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  2. A group of families live together, more or less, permanently in a locality sharing common culture and living conditions and sharing sentiment of belongingness. Which one of the following terms denotes such a group?

    1. Primary group

    2. Cultural group

    3. Community

    4. Associational group

  3. Which of the following are temporary associations?

    1. Indian peace keeping force in a foreign country

    2. Assam Flood Relief Association

    3. National Social Service Camp conducting shramdan in a village

      1. 1, 2 and 3

      2. 1 and 2

      3. 2 and 3

      4. 1 and 3

  4. Who among the following is of the view that social structure is an abstract construction of social reality and has nothing to do with the existing reality?

    1. Spencer

    2. Levi Strauss

    3. Leach

    4. Brown

  5. Who uses dichotomization of role and triadization of relationship as bases for formation of social structure?

    1. Levi Strauss

    2. M Fortes

    3. S F Nadel

    4. Marion J. Levy

  6. Conspicuous consumption is an example of:

    1. manifest function

    2. latent function

    3. eufunction

    4. disfunction

  7. Which one of the following is a correct statement?

    1. Values are the ideas held by individuals or groups

    2. Values are by nature universal and apply to all cultures

    3. Values provide essential organizing principles for integration of individual and group goals

    4. Values are another names for social structure

  8. Under which of the following circumstances folkways develop into more?

    1. Their fulfilment comes to be regarded as necessary and vital to the group's welfare

    2. Society begins to show more tolerance including their violations

    3. People come to resort to informal sanctions such as ridicule and mild criticism

    4. The idea of morality, right and wrong comes to be attached to them

      1. 1 and 3

      2. 1 and 4

      3. 2 and 4

      4. 3 and 2

  9. The notion that men are stronger than women is a:

    1. belief

    2. norm

    3. value

    4. sanction

  10. The individual forgets the rule, misconstrues its intention. This implies:

    1. conformity

    2. rebellion

    3. deviance

    4. retreatism

  11. Which one of the following combinations is true regarding modernization in India?

    1. Diffusion and acculturation

    2. Evolution and acculturation

    3. Evolution and diffusion

    4. Evolution and regeneration

    • Assertion (A): No society can fully be free from deviance.
    • Reason (R): Deviance and conformity are the on going processes in society.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): In competition, two or more persons/groups are seen vying with one another for a job, reward, profit etc. and use non-violent methods to achieve their goat.
    • Reason (R): Competition in any society focuses attention of people on alternatives and it provides wide range of choices and stimulates new wants and sets of items.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    • Assertion (A): Conflicts in industrial society do not necessarily bring radical changes.
    • Reason (R): Conflicts in industrial society can be resolved permanently as there are conflict resolving institutions like the judiciary.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true

    5. a

    • Assertion (A): It is not merely equality under law that determines that status of women in-society.
    • Reason (R): Tradition and customs are involved in everyday social interaction.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false But R is true